On PPP (puchasing power parity) basis faculty in public institutions in India are better paid than in most other countries

(Thanks to Prof. Moshe Vardi of Rice University for this pointer.)

This is based on the data made available at http://acarem.hse.ru/data where the faculty compensations (both salaries and perks such as housing) are compared on a PPP (purchasing power parity) basis in 26 countries. Following are some bullet points based on that data.

  • In terms of academic salaries of entry level faculty at public universities the list with the per month salary in PPP US Dollars is: Canada (5733), Italy (5029), US (4950), Germany (4885), Norway (4491), UK (4077), India (3954), Australia (3930), South Africa (3927), Israel (3525), Netherlands (3472), Saudi Arabia (3457), Argentina (3151), Japan (2897), Malaysia (2824), Nigeria (2758), Czech Republic (2562?), Turkey (2027), France (1973), Columbia (1965), Brazil (1858), Mexico (1336), Latvia (1087), Kazakhstan (1037), Ethiopia (864), Russia (433), Armenia (405), China (259).
  • In terms of academic salaries of top level faculty at public universities the list with the per month salary in PPP US Dollars is: Canada (9485), South Africa (9330),    Italy (9118), Saudi Arabia (8524), UK (8369),  Malaysia (7864), Australia (7499),  India (7433), US (7358), Netherlands (7123), Germany (6383), Israel (6377), Nigeria (6229), Norway (5847), France (4775), Japan (4604), Brazil (4550),  Argentina (4385), Columbia (4058), Czech Republic (3967), Turkey (3898), Mexico (2730), Latvia (2654), Kazakhstan (2304),    Ethiopia (1580), China (1107), Russia (910), Armenia (665).
  • In terms of ratio of monthly salaries to GDP per capita per month for entry level faculty at public universities: Ethiopia (130%), Nigeria (116%), India (110%), South Africa (45%), Argentina (23%), Columbia (23%), Malaysia (20%), Turkey (19%), Brazil (18%), Italy (16%), Canada (13%), Germany (12%), Israel (12%), Saudi Arabia (12%), UK (11%), US (11%), Czech Republic, Mexico (10%), Australia (8%), Japan (8%), Netherlands (8%), Armenia (7%), Kazakhstan (7%), Norway (7%), France (6%), Latvia (6%), China (4%), Russia (2%).
  • In terms of ratio of monthly salaries to GDP per capita per month for top level faculty at public universities: Nigeria (262%), Ethiopia (238%),  India (207%), South Africa (107%), Malaysia (56%), Columbia (47%),  Brazil (43%), Turkey (36%),    Argentina (32%),   Italy (30%), Saudi Arabia (29%),   Canada (22%), Israel (22%), UK (22%), Mexico (21%), Germany (17%),  Australia (16%), Kazakhstan (16%), Latvia (16%), US (16%), China (15%),  Czech Republic (15%), Netherlands (15%), France (14%),     Japan (13%),  Armenia (12%),  Norway (9%),   Russia (5%).
  • Housing:
    • Provided to all by law: India, Latvia, Nigeria
    • Widely used to attract best faculty: China, Saudi Arabia
    • Important part of contract negotiations: Kazhakstan, Turkey
    • Not influential in contract negotiations: Canada, Ethiopia, Japan, South Africa, UK
    • Not offered: Rest
  • Retirement funds
    • Not offered: Kazakhstan
    • Widely used to attract best faculty: UK, China, Canada
    • Provided to all by law: Rest (includes India)

One can also use the numbers in http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-17543356 to do further comparison. For example, the average income in India is $295/month in PPP dollars. So an entry level faculty in a public university in India earns $3954/295=13.4 times of an average Indian. In contrast, an entry level faculty in a public university in US earns $4950/3263= 1.52 times of an average American.

4 comments June 21st, 2012

Research councils to be important parts of the innovation universities

Following is from a PTI report in zeenews.

The proposed innovation universities in the country would be supported by research councils, which would not only identify potential areas of research but also extend advisory services in other areas.

Every university for research and innovation will have such a council headed by a director. These varsities shall present its report annually highlighting its achievements on their website.

The proposed innovation universities, a Bill of which was introduced in Parliament last week, are to be set up during the 12th Plan Period.

The hallmark of the legislation is that each university would focus on one area or problem of significance to India and build an eco-system of research and training around different related disciplines.

In keeping with this objective, each of the council of the university concerned shall interface with research funding organisations, industry and civil society to identify potential areas for research in areas of enterprise.

Besides, the council will assist the teachers in obtaining funding from external sources for research projects prepared by them, according to the provisions of the Universities for Research and Innovation Bill, 2012.

The Bill seeks to set up the universities both in the public as well as the private sectors.

As per the provisions, each of these universities would offer exposure to an international classroom environment, with a minimum of 50 per cent of the students from India.

Each of the research council will be headed by a director and members, the strength of which would be specified by the board of governors of the university concerned.

The council will also provide for incubation of applications emerging from research undertaken in such university.

Importantly, it shall make provisions for research and advisory service for which it would enter into agreement with other institutes, industry, civil society and other organisations and enable the results and benefits of research to be disseminated to the public.

According to the Bill, the research council shall present its annual output on its website three years after the establishment of the university and each year thereafter.

Each of the university would have autonomy in matters of academics, faculty, personnel and finances administration.

1 comment May 28th, 2012

Odisha should pursue one of the sports and physical education university proposed by the 12th plan working group on Sports and Physical Education

The 12th plan working group report on Sports and Physical Education recommends the establishment of  four regional centres of LNUPE and 5 new sports and physical education universities or physical education colleges. Odisha must vigorously pursue the central government and the planning commission to get one of the proposed 5 sports and physical education universities.

In this regard, please send an email to the Odisha CM at cmo@ori.nic.in with content such as given below:

Dear Esteemed CM:

The 12th plan working group on Sports and Physical Education has recommended in their report at http://planningcommission.nic.in/aboutus/committee/wrkgrp12/hrd/wg_repsports.pdf that "for meeting the increasing demand of Physical Education Teachers and producing quality PETs, at least four regional centres of LNUPE and 5 new sports and physical education universities or physical education colleges should be opened during 12th
Plan. "

Kindly pursue with the central government regarding having one of these universities in Odisha.


Following are some rationale behind pursuing a Sports and Physical Education University. Please have a look at it at your leisure. 

While promoting sports,  besides providing good facilities (hostels, stadiums, turfs), what is most important is that the athletes are provided with opportunities to pursue some recognized degree/diploma/certificate of study so that they have alternate avenues of employment. For example, consider the story in http://www.indiablooms.com/SportsVideoDetails/sportsVideoDetails180312f.php.

Following is an excerpt from that story.

Renowned national woman footballer Jhilli Munda, who has represented India at international and national events in several tournaments, is bearing the brunt of acute poverty and she is forced to roll beedis to earn her bread and butter. 

It is well known that among the athletes that join the sports hostels, only a few make it to the state and national teams and of them only a few get appropriate jobs. What happens to the rest? It is sad to read about Jhili Munda’s story above. The point is until and unless we make sure that kids pursuing a career as an athlete have a way to make a living we can not significantly improve the sports scenario in Odisha and India. Now how do we make sure that *all* kids pursuing a career as an athlete have a way to make a living. 

The way to do that is to provide them with some *relevant education* in parallel with their athletics training such that even if they do not make it to the top in sports, they can get a good job and make a living. What are some of the relevant educational avenues and programs?

Some of them are:

  • Physical training
  • Coaching in various sports
  • Physiotherapy
  • Sports medicine
  • Exercise Physiology
  • Sports Psychology
  • Sports Biomechanics
  • Sports Management and Mass Communication
  • Health Sciences & Yoga
  • Sports Massage
  • Grounds Management
  • Health and fitness management
  • Sports journalism
  • Sports photography and 
  • Sports commentary.

Some of these courses are offered at the three established institutions in India:

In the 2011-12 budget there was mention of the following *new* initiatives: 

  • Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development in Tamil Nadu: With a 2011-12 budget allocation of 10.8 crores (2010-11: 9.9 crores)
  • Laxmibai National Institute of Physical Education – NE area and Sikkim Initiative: With a 2011-12 budget allocation of 15 crores (2010-11: 3 crores)
In the 2012-13 budget (http://indiabudget.nic.in/ub2012-13/eb/sbe106.pdf ) there was the mention of the following *new* initiatives:

  • 7. Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Developmentin Tamil Nadu has a budget of 18.9 crores.
  • 28. National Institute of Sports Science and Sports Medicine 5 crores
  • 29. National Institute of Coaching Education 5 crores

Note that none of the above are in the eastern part of India and none are in the traditional tribal areas of India.

The 12th plan has a working group on Sports and Physical Education. They have a report at http://planningcommission.nic.in/aboutus/committee/wrkgrp12/hrd/wg_repsports.pdf .  In that report the following is mentioned.

5.15 It has been recommended that for meeting the increasing demand of Physical Education Teachers and producing quality PETs, at least four regional centres of LNUPE and 5 new sports and physical education universities or physical education colleges should be opened during 12th Plan. An outlay of Rs. 900 crore on this account during 12th Plan is projected.  
Thus we should vigorously pursue the establishment of  a National Sports Institute/University in Odisha that not only offers training in the sports Odisha excels in (Hockey – mens and womens, Football, Rowing, etc.) but also offers the above mentioned programs so that every athlete of Odisha is able to simultaneously pursue a certificate/diploma/degree in one of the above disciplines and is able to make a decent living.

Considering that Sundergarh and Rourkela area is the hotbed of Odisha athletics (mainly Hockey) and it is a tribal district, it would be good to locate the proposed National Sports Institute/University in Sundergarh/Rourkela. It may have branches in Kendrapada and Bhubaneswar to cater to the women footballers of Kendrapada and other sports persons in Bhubaneswar/Cuttack. Moreover the university in Sundergarh/Rourkela can also cater to athletes in Jharkhand.

The recent election of Mr. Dilip Tirkey as a Rajya Sabha MP can be seen/argued as an indication that the Odisha government is serious about promoting sports in a wholesome way, with particular attention to adivasis.

May 1st, 2012

200 universities in the 12th plan?

Following is an excerpt from a report in Hindustan Times.

Higher education in the country is set to get a boost with the HRD ministry finalising plans worth Rs. 80,000 crore inorder to improve access to colleges and universities.

The UPA government has embarked upon an ambitious plan to double the gross enrollment ratio (GER), from present around 17% to 30% by the year 2020. For this, there would be a need of several new universities and colleges across the country.

HRD minister Kapil Sibal on Wednesday told Lok Sabha that 200 new universities and a degree college in each district of India will be opened in the next five years. “We have asked for Rs. 20,000 crore for opening new universities in the 12th plan,” he said.
In addition to new institutions, many of the existing colleges will be upgraded either into universities or autonomous colleges having powers to award degrees.
The budget for revitalising the higher education will be Rs. 80,000 crore, the biggest ever allocation for higher education.
A large amount of this money will be awarded to state governments to improve higher education in rural areas. This, by increasing the Central government share in higher education funding to the states.

As of now, the Centre shares just 35% of the cost of starting a new higher education institution. In the 12th plan (2012-17), Sibal said, the government proposes to increase the Central share to 65% and 90% for the north-eastern states.

This, according to the ministry, will give an incentive to the state governments to submit proposals for starting new higher education institutes. Many state governments have been reluctant to seek funds from the Centre because they had to assure 65% funds to start the project.

April 26th, 2012

Four more new AIIMS-like institutes and 30 more upgrades proposed as part of the 12th plan; this will take the total number of AIIMS-like institutes to 12 and the total number of upgrades to 56

Following is from a report in Times of India.

The report of the steering committee on health for the 12th five year plan (incorporating reports of all working groups and deliberations in Committee meetings) has suggested opening of four new prototypes of premiere All India Institute of Medical Sciences ( AIIMS) in addition to the eight already approved.

… Union health ministry is in the process of constructing six AIIMS-like institutes in Patna, Raipur, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Jodhpur and Rishikesh at a cost of Rs 847 crore each, up from Rs 332 crore that was originally estimated. There are expected to be ready by July, 2012.

The Planning Commission has given approval to two more AIIMS-like institutes in Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. …

With 26 medical institutions have been approved for upgrade, the panel has said an additional 30 medical colleges established at least 20 years ago be identified for support through Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojna.

“Other medical colleges, in private or voluntary sector may also be considered for upgrade and strengthening for starting new postgraduate disciplines and increasing post-graduate seats,” the report says.

In Odisha, as per the timeline, SCB medical college in Cuttack was established in 1944, VSS in Burla was established in 1959 and MKCG in Berhampur was established in 1962. All three of them satisfy the above mentioned criteria of being established 20 years ago. Considering that none of the 26 approved upgrades are from Odisha, and 4 states currently are approved for both new AIIMS-like institutes as well as upgrades (WB,Bihar, MP, UP) the Odisha government should push for all three of its existing government medical colleges to be upgraded during the 12th plan.

1 comment December 31st, 2011

Views expressed on higher education in India during the FICCI Higher Education Summit 2011

The website of this summit is http://www.ficci.com/past-Events-page.asp?evid=20665. Following are excerpts from the press release on Dr. Montek Ahluwalia’s speech.

Inaugurating FICCI Higher Education Summit 2011: Strategies for Expansion in Higher Education in India’, Mr. Ahluwalia said, “The challenge before planners, policy makers and educationists, both in the public and private sector, was of producing world class Indian universities that could be counted in the top 200 rating list.” In the next 20 years we must see a significant number of educational institutions in that category, he declared.

Mr. Ahulwalia also underlined the need to lend an international flavour to Indian universities by inducting international faculty. This would not happen unless the government removes the restriction on employment of international faculty, he said.

For higher education, the 12th Plan objective was expansion, equality of access and excellence. The aim was to raise the gross enrolment ration from the current level of 15 per cent to 30 per cent over the next 15 years. “Expansion of higher education has to be balanced with equality of access, especially for those living in areas where educational institutes did not exist,” he said.

Following are excerpts from the press release on Sam Pitroda’s speech.

Addressing the FICCI Higher Education Summit 2011, Mr. Pitroda said, “Higher education reforms are essential if the nation is to meet the serious challenge of skill shortage that will not allow the economy to grow at 8-10 per cent annually. While many of the recommendations of the National Knowledge Commission are in the process of being implemented, we are waiting for the government to act on the recommendations retailing to reform of higher education.”

The debate on what needs to be done ought to be over, the time now is to focus on action,” he said and added that “the Bills have already been drafted but none of them have been tabled in or passed by Parliament.

Mr. Pitroda’s concern found an echo in FICCI President, Mr. Harsh Mariwala’s suggestion that although education continues to be a priority sector during the Twelfth Plan, unless the reform agenda initiated by the Ministry of Human Resource Development in the 11th Plan is carried forward within a stringent timeframe, the demographic dividend of a young population could become a demographic disaster for India as well as the world.

Mr. Mariwala hoped that the Foreign Education Providers’ Bill; Unfair Practices Bill; Tribunal Bill and the Accreditation Bill will be passed in the coming winter session of the Parliament and the National Commission for Higher Education and Research (NCHER) Bill 2010 and Innovation University Bill will be introduced in the winter session of the Parliament. The delay in implementation of the reforms is a serious impediment for the economic development of the country, he said and added that FICCI earnestly urges the political leadership to take cognizance of this fact.

Mr. Pitroda said that the government was creating a US$ 5 billion National Knowledge Network (NKN) which is expected to be ready in about nine months. The network would be a state-of-the-art multi- gigabit pan-India network for providing a unified high speed network backbone for all knowledge related institutions in the country. It would facilitate the building of quality institutions with requisite research facilities and creating a pool of highly trained professionals. The NKN will enable scientists, researchers and students from different backgrounds and diverse geographies to work closely for advancing human development in critical and emerging areas.

Following are excerpts from a report in Chronicle of Higher Education.

 Mr. Sibal has said that private participation in higher education must be encouraged, and conference attendees agreed that if the government hopes to reach its goal of sending 30 percent of young people to college, both private and public participation are needed. The challenge, as always, is in weeding out the low-quality operators.

"The public perception of private higher education is in a range," said Montek Singh Ahluwalia, head of India’s Planning Commission, a top government policy-making body. "Many are good, but there is a problem of those not-very-good ones."

Mr. Ahluwalia argued that supply and demand will eventually eliminate the bad actors, but others disagreed.

"It will be difficult to weed them out," said M. Anandakrishnan, head of the Indian Institute of Technology’s Kanpur branch. Because there is more demand than supply, he said, it will take time for stakeholders to make discerning choices.

Another delegate, Sachi Hatakenaka, a British-based education researcher, argued that "private sector growth is good for quantity but not for quality."

… Still, said Mr. Agarwal, the next round of government higher-education planning will focus more on expanding capacity at existing institutions rather than adding new universities.

Some private players were hopeful that the government will look to the private sector more as an ally than an adversary in coming years.

November 16th, 2011

12th plan envisions to have a medical college in each of the 641 districts of India??

Following are excerpts from a report in dnaindia.com.

In order to bring down the shortage of doctors and improve healthcare services at the minutest level, the government is planning to have medical colleges in each district.

It has plans to convert district hospitals into training institute the paramedical personnel as well.

Besides, the government also plans to integrate AYUSH doctors and have capacity building programmes for other traditional healthcare providers such as Registered Medical Practitioners (RMPs) and Traditional Birth Attendants (TBA) so that traditional care practices and local remedies are encouraged.

… As of now medical colleges are concentrated in only 193 districts of the country … The rest 447 districts do not have any medical college.

Against 335 colleges, there are about 319 Auxiliary nurses and midwives (ANM) training schools, 49 health and family welfare training schools and only 34 LHV (Lady Health Visitor) schools.

The present doctor patient ratio 0.6 per 1000 while the ratio of health workers (including midwives, nurses etc) is 2.5 per 1000.

“To fill the gap in training needs of paramedical professionals, the 12th Plan proposes to develop each of the district hospitals into knowledge centres, and 4,535 CHCs into training institutions,” says the Planning Commission report.

Odisha with its 30 districts will greatly benefit by this plan. In Odisha only 4 of its districts currently have medical colleges: they are Cuttack, Khorda, Sambalpur and Ganjam. The 26 districts in Odisha that do not yet have medical colleges are: Angul (*), Boudha, Bhadrak, Balangir, Baragarh, Balasore, Deogarh, Dhenanal, Gajapati, Jharsuguda, Jajpur, Jagatsignhpur, Keonjhar, Kalahandi (*), Kandhamal, Koraput, Kendrapada, Malkangiri, Mayurbhanj, Nawarangpur, Nuapada, Nayagarh, Puri, Rayagada, Subarnapur, Sundergarh (*). Among these 26, private medical colleges are under construction in Angul (by MCL and NTPC), Kalahandi (WODC), and Sundergarh (in Rourkela by Hi-Tech).

1 comment August 30th, 2011

Odisha higher education department’s demands to the planning commision for the 12th plan

I hope this is not all that Odisha is asking.

1 comment July 20th, 2011

Numbers related to Matric, Plus 2 and degree

Updates on July 19 2011:

Article started on June 25 2011:

Following are some numbers related to how many students pass Matric exam, the number of seats and colleges available at the plus 2 level, and the number of seats and colleges available at the degree level. (We don’t have all the numbers yet. So this is a work in progress.) Several of these numbers are from http://dheorissa.in/.

  • Number of students that passed matric (Class X) in 2011
  • Number of seats at the Plus 2 level available through junior colleges: 3,05,356
    • Number of regular junior colleges:
    • Number of self-financed junior colleges:
  • Number of seats at the Plus 2 level available through schools that have +2:
  • Number of students that appeared and number that passed +2
    • Odisha board
      • Science: 707 colleges; 56,280 appeared; 41,359 passed; 12,773 in first class; 15,566 in second class and 12,016 in third class
      • Arts: 1062 colleges; 159,866 appeared; 109,230 passed; 11,183 in first class; 34,446 in second class; and 60,826 in third class
      • Commerce: 311 colleges; 22,670 appeared; 15,553 passed; 3577 in first class; 3961 in second class; 7817 in third class
      • Vocational: 186 colleges; 7247 appeared; 4976 passed; 1609 in first class; 2400 in second class; 682 in third class
    • CBSE: 6900 appeared  with 82% pass percentage (Science; Arts; Commerce break-up is unknown)
    • ICSE: Science; Arts; Commerce
    • Total: Science; Arts; Commerce
  • Number of seats available at +3 BA/BSc/BCom: 57,312
    • Number of students submitting  completed forms against these seats: 74,968
    • Number of students initiating applying on-line (some did not submit): 91,786
  • Number of seats available at B.Tech/B.Arch:
  • Number of seats available at B.Pharm:
  • Number of seats available at MBBS:
  • Number of seats available at BBA
  • Number of seats available at 5 yrs Law programs:


July 19th, 2011

Orissa Model Tribal Education Society (OMTES) has so far set up 11 Ekalabya Model Residential Schools and manages 19 Educational Complexes; However, KISS is much more effective

The web page of Orissa Model Tribal Education Society (OMTES) is http://www.omtes.org. Following are excerpts from its "Background" page.

The Orissa Model Tribal Education Society (OMTES), a registered Society supported by the ST & SC Development Department, aims to make positive interventions in the field of tribal education. Since its inception in March 2000, it has been instrumental in setting up 11 Ekalabya Model Residential Schools in different parts of the State with assistance from Government of India. Besides that it also manages 19 Educational Complexes set up for providing education to ST Girls belonging to Primitive Tribal Groups. OMTES continues in its endeavour to serve the tribal population of the State by ensuring them to avail best opportunities in education at par with the non tribal population.

Following are some Q & A from its FAQ page.

How the schools are managed at the district level?

A school level management committee headed by the Collector of the respective districts, members including two educationist of the area looks after the overall development of the schools. Here the collector is the chairman and concerned Principal of ERMS is the Member Secretary.

I am a Tribal, what is the benefit the society has for me?

You benefit, when your child qualifies entrance of the school and receives free qualitative education. The society provides for improving the quality of tribal by promoting educational schemes for tribal community and improves the quality of life of tribal by Ashram Schools, Hostels for Tribal Boys Educational complexes, Post- Matric Scholarships and Book Bank Schemes, etc.

Whom do I contact for more information?

For information you are requested to contact ST & SC Development, Govt. of Orissa.

The 11 schools are listed in the page http://www.omtes.org/Yearwise_establishment_EMRS.html. They are in the districts of Koraput, Mayurbhanj, Sundergarh (3), Rayagada, Koenjhar, Gajapati, Kandhamal, Nabarangpur, and Jajpur.

The 19 educational complexes are listed in the page http://www.omtes.org/Yearwise_establishment.html. They are in the districts of Keonjhar (3), Rayagada (2), Nuapara, Mayurbhanj (2), Deogarh, Angul, Kalahandi, Ganjam, Gajapati (3), Malkangiri (2), Sundergarh and Kandhamala. Each of these complexes have a capacity of 250 making a total capacity of 4750.

In contrast, as of today, KISS has a student body of 15,083, which includes 3553  students pursuing +3. KISS had a student body of 1500 in 2005. I am sure the performance of the students is better at KISS than of the students at the OMTES schools and educational complexes.

So the Odisha government should just give land, seed money and grants to KISS and let them establish and manage much larger facilities in the districts with significant tribal students.

In http://www.kiss.ac.in/admission.html it is mentioned that every year KISS gets 30,000 to 40,000 applications per year for admission and admits between 2000-3000 of them. The government should fund KISS so that if not all who apply are admitted at least half of them are admitted.

It is a pity that other states have taken note of KISS and are inviting KISS to open replicas in their states while Odisha does not seem to be taking similar steps. Following is an excerpt from a report in Pioneer on other states approaching KISS for replicas.

A branch of the Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences (KISS) has been set up in Bastar, a tribal dominated and Maoist infested region of Chhattisgarh with assistance from the National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC).

An MoU to this effect was signed between the KIIT and the KISS founder Dr Achyuta Samanta and NMDC director GB Joshi in the presence of the NMDC chairman cum managing director Rana Som at the the latter’s Corporate Office in Hyderabad on June 24.

As per the agreement, the NMDC has provided 30 acres of land along with all financial assistance to the KISS in order to set up its replica in Kankar region of north Bastar district in Chhattisgarh. In the first phase, 1000 tribal boys and girls will be admitted in this school. However, a total of 4,000 students from five districts in and around Bastar will get the opportunity of quality education here in course of time.

After Bastar, the Governments of Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Delhi are keen to set up such model schools bearing all financial implications. They have requested Dr Samanta accordingly.

The page http://www.kiss.ac.in/fmngt.html explains how KISS is funded. The total amount there adds up to 18 crores. If 10 such KISS replicas are established in 10 tribal districts of Odisha at an additional cost of 200 crores/year, that will be the best use of such money for Odisha.

July 8th, 2011

List of ICSSR research institutes

The following list is from http://www.icssr.org/rcri_institute_main.htm.


(List up dated on 09.11.09)

S. No.

Name of the Institutes and Address

Contact Nos.

Fax No.



Prof. R.S. Deshpande


Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC)




STD Code (080)

23215519 23215468




23215555 (Res.)







Web     www.isec.ac.in


Prof. K. Narayanan Nair


Centre for Development Studies   (CDS)

Ulloor, Thiruvananthapuram-695 011


STD Code (0471)


2448881, 2448882

2448883, 2448884

2448412 (Reg.)

2550759 (Res.) 








Web     www.cds.edu


Prof. Gautam Bhadra

Acting Director

Centre for Studies in Social Sciences (CSSS)

R-1, Baishnabghata

Kolkata-700 094

West Bengal

STD Code (033)


24625794 (O)




Web     www.cssscal.org


The Director

Gandhian Institute of Studies     

Post Box No.116, Rajghat

Varanasi-221 001.

Uttar Pradesh

STD Code (0542)

2431099 (O)




Web     No Website


Prof. D.M. Diwakar


A.N. Sinha Institute of Social Studies (ANSISS)

Patna-800 001


STD Code (0612)

2219226, 2219856 (Dir.)

2219320, 6451912

(O) (Reg.)










Web     www.ansiss.org


Prof. R.K. Mishra


Institute of Public Enterprise (IPE)

Osmania University Campus

Hyderabad-500 007

Andhra Pradesh

STD Code (040)




27098937, 27098938

27170951 (R)

27095478 27095183




Web     www.ipeindia.org




Prof. Bina Agarwal


Institute of Economic Growth (IEG)

University Enclave

North Campus

Delhi-110 007

STD Code (011)




27667570, 27667424

27667994 (R)










Web www.iegindia.org



Prof. Rajeev Bhargava


Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS)

29, Rajpur Road

Delhi-110 054




STD Code (011)

23927574 (Direct)

23942199 Ext. 220








Web     www.csdsdelhi.org






Prof. B. Devi Prasad


Centre for Social Studies (CSS)

South Gujarat University Campus 

Udhna-Magdalla Road   

Surat-395 007   


STD Code (0261)




2223998 (R)Dir.





Prof. R. Maria Saleth


Madras Institute of Development Studies (MIDS)

(P.O. Box-948), Gandhinagar, Adyar

Chennai-600 020

Tamil Nadu

STD Code (044)



24412589, 24411574     

24412295, 24419771





Web     www.mids.ac.in


The Director

Indian Institute of Education (IIE)

128/2, J.P. Naik Road, Kothrud  

Pune-411 029



STD Code (020)








Web www.gids.org.in


Prof. A.K. Singh


Giri Institute of Development Studies (GIDS)

Sector “O” Aliganj Housing Scheme

Lucknow-226 024

Uttar Pradesh

STD Code (0522)








Web www.gids.org.in


Prof. Pratap Bhanu Mehta

President and Chief Executive

Centre for Policy Research (CPR)

Dharma Marg


New Delhi – 110 021



STD Code (011)













Web     www.cprindia.org


Prof. N.C. Shah


Sardar Patel Institute of Economic and Social Research (SPIESR)

Thaltej Road

Ahmedabad-380 054


STD Code (079)




27431602® Dir.





Web     www.spiesr.ac.in


Prof. Pradeep Bhargava


G.B. Pant Social Science Institute (GBPSSI)

3 No. Yamuna Enclave

Jhusi, Sangam Nagar    

Allahabad-211 019

Uttar Pradesh

STD Code (00532)

2569298, 2569207




2569206 2569207



Web www.gbpssi.nic.in






Dr. A.C. Kutty Krishnan Nambiar

Regional Director          

Council for Social Development (CSD)

Southern Regional Centre

5-6-151, Rajendranagar

Near NIRD Gate

Hyderabad-500 030

Andhra Pradesh


STD Code (40)



27731227® Dir. 




Web www.csdindia.org


Prof. Surjit Singh


Institute of Development Studies (IDS)

8-B, Jhalana Institutional Area

Jaipur-302 004





STD Code (0141)

2705726, 2707822

2706457, 2709825









Web     www.idsj.org


Prof. Kuldip Kaur


Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development (CRRID)

2-A, Sector, 19-A, Madhya Marg

Chandigarh-160 019


STD Code (0172)

2725136, 2549450














Web     www.crrid-chd.org


Prof. Mary E. John


Centre for Women’s  Development Studies (CWDS)

25, Bhai Vir Singh Marg

New Delhi – 110 001



STD Code (011)

23345530, 23365541


27666249® Dir. 





cwds@vsnl.com, cwds@cwds.org



Prof. Manoj Panda


Centre for Economic and Social Studies   (CESS)          


Hyderabad-500 016

Andhra Pradesh

STD Code (040)



65570480 (D)    




Web     www.cess.ac.in


Prof. S.P. Padhi

Acting Director

NKC Centre for Development Studies (NKCCDS)

Plot No.A. Chandrasekharpur

Bhubaneswar-751 013


STD Code (0674)









Web:   www.nkccds.nic.in



Professor Amita Shah

Acting Director

Gujarat Institute of Development Research (GIDR)

Gota Char Rasta

Ahmedabad-380 060


STD Code (02717)











Web     www.gidr.ac.in





Prof. S.R. Hashim


Institute for Studies in Industrial Development (ISID)


4, Institutional Area

Vasant Kunj

Near Hotel The Grand

New Delhi – 110 070.

STD Code (011)









Web     www.isid.org.in



Prof. Indranee Dutta


O.K.D. Institute of Social Change and Development (OKDISCD)

VIP Road, Upper Hengraban

(Near Lawn Tennis Court)

Guwahati-781 036.


STD Code (0361)

2335205 (Director)

2334209 (Office)








Web     www.okd.in


Dr. N.S. Nayak

Caretaker Director         

Centre for Multi-Disciplinary Development Research (CMDR) 

R.S.No.9A2, Plot No.82

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Nagar       

Near Yalakki Shettar Colony


Dharwad –580 004.


STD Code (0836)

2460469 (Director)

(EPABX Nos.)

2460453, 2460 472






Web     www.cmdr.co.in


Shri R.N. Berwa, IAS (Retd.)

Director General

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar National Institute of Social Sciences (BANISS)

Dongargaon A.B. Road

Mhow Cantonment

Mhow-453 441  

Madhya Pradesh

STD Code (07324)

272830(O), 274377



277966® Registrar






Web     www.baniss.org


Prof. D.C. Sah


Madhya Pradesh Institute of Social Science Research (MPISSR)

6, Bharatpuri Administrative Zone

Ujjain-456 010   

Madhya Pradesh

STD Code (0734)







Web     www.mpissr.org



May 21st, 2011

Odisha Knowledge Corporation Limited in offing along the lines of MKCL

The Maharashtra Knowledge Corporation Limited (MKCL) web page is at http://www.mkcl.org/. The following tathya.in news item in Sambada reports on Odisha’s plan for Odisha Knowledge Corporation Limited along the lines of MKCL.

May 4th, 2011

NASA Ames Space Settlement Design Contest 2011: A team from DPS Rourkela wins the first prize in the 11-12 grade small team category and Mrinal Chaudhury, also of DPS, wins speciality first prize for Artistic Merit

The web page of this contest is at http://settlement.arc.nasa.gov/Contest/. The results of the 2011 page is at http://settlement.arc.nasa.gov/Contest/Results/2011/index.html. Following are excerpts from that web page.



Grand Prize

The Grand Prize for the 2011 Space Settlement Contest went to a large team of 7 students (11-12 grade), Gaurav Kumar, Deepak Talwar, Harman Jot Singh Walia, Mahiyal B. Singh, Kaenat Seth, Ishaan Mehta, and Navdeep Singh Makkar, from Punjab, India for creating the Hyperion Space Settlement. They also won the NSS Bruce M. Clark, Jr. Memorial Space Settlement Award.

First Prize

11-12 Grade First Prize
  • Asteria, Sarah Bell, Queensland, Australia, Individual.
  • Shangri-la, Odisha, India (Delhi Public School), Small Team.
  • CRONOS, Constanta, Romania (Colegiul National "Mircea cel Batran"), Large Team.
9-10 Grade First Prize
  • Adamas, Aditya Bathla, Punjab, India (Apeejay School), Individual.
  • AMOS (Advanced Moon Orbiting Settlement), Romania ("Tudor Vianu" National High School of Computer Science), Small Team.
  • Brisinger, Constanta, Romania (Colegiul National "Mircea cel Batran"), Large Team.
6-8 Grade First Prize
  • The Satus Novo Serere, Hasan N. Kahn, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (American International School), Individual.
  • Big Bang, California, USA (Sequoia Middle School), Small Team.
  • EON: Everlasting Orbita Nation, New York, USA (Cortland Junior Senior High School), Large Team.
Specialty First Prize
  • S’ukhavati, Mrinal Chaudhury, Odisha, India (Delhi Public School), Artistic Merit.
  • Life on the Space Station, Seebor, Romania (Tudor Vianu National High School of Computer Science), Literary Merit.
  • Arcadia, Shanghai, China, Life Sciences.

Rourkelacity.com has some details about the winners. Following are some excerpts.

Among the winners include the team comprising Siddharth Tripathi, Akshat Dutt and Nisarg Behera of class –XII, and Mrinal Chaudhary of class-VIII of the same school.

The team comprising Siddharth, Akshat and Nisarg won the first prize in the 11th -12th grade for their project titled “Sangri-La”, a space settlement colony to provide exceedingly proficient and enjoyable living amenities for 20,000 permanent space residents. The colony that the team has proposed, is designed as a heavenly abode for settlers who can revel in the extraordinary luxury away from the earth. Thinking out of the box, the team proposed a major scientific research laboratory as well as a business hub in space, bio-regenerative life systems incorporating all biological components, state of art meditation halls, an efficiently functioning government machinery to take care of the law and order, a new currency named ‘Hawking’ and also a National Shangri-La Stock Exchange to help people participate in World economic affairs.

Mrinal won the specialty first prize for Artistic merit in her paper presentation titled “Sukhavati”. Mrinal in her report presented the colony and several paintings and diagrams depicting the interior and the exterior, living spaces, laboratories, recreation areas etc. of the colony.

… Mr.Bijoy Bahadur Mathur, Science Head of the School and the mentor to these students has been instrumental in preparing the students for this competition.

Teams from Odisha have been doing very well in this contest for the last several years. 

April 26th, 2011

State Institute of Rural Development (SIRD) and other training institutes in Odisha

The website of SIRD is http://www.sirdorissa.org/. See also http://orissa.gov.in/panchayat/SIRD/sird1.htm. Following is a list of training institutes in Odisha listed in a SIRD document

  • Institute of Agricultural Management, Bhubaneswar
  • Gram Sevak Talim Kendra (GSTK), Bolangir
  • Gram Sevak Talim Kendra (GSTK), Ganjam
  • Gram Sevak Talim Kendra, Dhenkanal
  • Minor Irrigation and Water Use (MIWU), Bhubaneswar
  • Plant Protection Training Institute (PPTI), Bhubaneswar
  • Soil Conservation Training Institute (SCTI), Koraput
  • School of Horticulture (SHC), Khurda
  • Orissa State Co-operative Union (OSCU), Bhubaneswar.
  • Co-operative Training Centre (CTC), Ganjam
  • Krutartha Acharya Co-operative Training Institute(KACTI),Baragarh
  • Revenue Inspectors Training Institute (RITI), Ganjam
  • Co-operative Training Institute (CTI), Mayurbhanj.
  • Co-operative Training Institute (CTI), Koraput
  • Home Economics Training Centre (HETC), Bhubaneswar.
  • Home Economics Training Centre (HETC), Barpali, Sambalpur
  • Madhusudan Institute of Co-operative Management (MICM), Bhubaneswar
  • Crew Training Institute (CRTI), Chandabali, Bhadrak
  • School of Printing and Allied Trades (SPAT), Cuttack
  • Driving Training School (DRTS), Bhubaneswar.
  • Secondary Council Education Research Training (SCERT),Bhubaneswar
  • Madhusudan Institute of Accounts & Finance (MIAF), Bhubaneswar
  • Rangers Training College (RTC), Angul
  • Nocholoson Forest School (NFS), Keonjhar
  • Muny Forest Guards School, Dhenkanal
  • Forest Training School (FTS), Phulbani
  • Forester’s Training School (FTS), Jeypore
  • Social Forestry Training School (SFTS), Bhubaneswar
  • Fisheries Training Institute (FTI), Balugoan
  • Live Stock Inspectors Training Institute (LSITI), Bhanjanagar
  • L I Training Institute(LITI), Bolangir
  • Live Stock Training Institute (LSTI), Keonjhar
  • College of Nursing (CN), Berhempur, Ganjam
  • Health & Family Welfare Training Centre(HFWTC), Cuttack
  • Regional Institute of Planning,Applied Economics& Statistics(STI),BBSR
  • SC & ST Training Institute, Bhubaneswar
  • Secretariat Training Institute (SECTI), Bhubneswar
  • Police Training College (PTC), Angul
  • Orissa Shorthand and Type-writing Trg. Institute(OSTWTI), Bhubaneswar
  • Fire Service Training School (FSTS), Bhubaneswar
  • Municipal Training Institute (MTI), Bhubaneswar
  • Public Health (PH), Bhubaneswar
  • Sericulture (S), Keonjhar
  • I I F T, Sundergarh
  • Master Craftsmen Training Institute (MSTI), Bhubaneswar
  • Water and Land Management Institute (WALMI), Cuttack
  • Gopabandhu Academy of Administration, Bhubaneswar.
  • Veterinary Officers Training Institute (VOTI), Bhubaneswar
  • Extension Training Centre, Bhawanipatna.
  • Extension Training Centre, Keonjhar
  • Extension Training Centre, Bhubaneswar.


2 comments April 7th, 2011

Major higher education and research milestones in Odisha history (work in progress)

(Last Updated on 15th December 2017.)

This grew out of a draft article that I wrote few years ago. I will fill in more details and more items as time permits. Please suggest missing items and links in the comment section. Especially I would like to add information on all the government degree colleges. (A list is at https://sites.google.com/site/orissavision2020/ger-of-ebd-districts.
The list of all degree colleges, about 548 of them, is at
http://dheodisha.gov.in/Defaulter/ReportCollegeProfileSubmitted_DEG.aspx. )

Institution Founding and milestone Years Comments
Puspagiri University in Jajpur district   Mentioned in the writings of Huien Tsang, who visited it in 639 AD. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puspagiri_University and http://www.facebook.com/puspagiri.
Ratnagiri University in Jajpur district   Mentioned in Tibetan Writings. See Mrs. Debala Mitra’s books “Ratnagiri” and “Buddhist Monuments of Odisha“.
Ravenshaw University, Cuttack 1868/2006 Started as an intermediate college in 1868; became a university in 2006. http://ravenshawuniversity.ac.in/.
Radha Nath Institute of Adavanced Studies in Education, Cuttack 1869 Started as Cuttack Normal School. http://www.rniase.org/.
Khallikote College, Berhampur 1878/2015

Started as an intermediate college in 1878. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khallikote_Autonomous_College. Became university in 2015.

SKCG College, Parlakhemundi  1896 http://gajapati.nic.in/skcg/Index.Html.
Shailabala Women’s College, Cuttack  1913 Telegraph article: Started intermediate classes in 1913 and graduate classes in 1946. Home page: http://shailabalawomenscollege.com
Utkal University, Bhubaneswar
1943 http://www.utkal-university.org/.
Fakir Mohan College, Balasore 1944 http://fmcollege.nic.in/.
Rajendra College, Balangir 1944 http://rajendracollege.nic.in/.
SCS College, Puri 1944 http://www.scscollege.nic.in/default.asp.
GM College, Sambalpur 1944/2015 http://www.gmcollege.org/. Became university in 2015.
SCB Medical College, Cuttack 1944 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shri_Ramachandra_Bhanj_Medical_College.
Christ College, Cuttack 1944 http://www.christcollege.ac.in/.
Stewart Science College, Cuttack 1944 http://stewartsciencecollege.org/.
N.C. Autonomous College, Jajpur 1945 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/N.C._Autonomous_College,_Jajpur.
Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack 1946 http://crri.nic.in/.
Vikram Dev College, Jeypore 1947 http://vikramdebcollege.org/.
MPC College, Baripada 1948 http://mpcautocollege.org.in/.
Bhadrak College 1948 http://bhadrakcollege.nic.in/.
Gopabandhu Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Puri 1949 http://puri.nic.in/gopabandhu.htm.
Madhusudan Institute of Co-operative Management 1955 http://www.micm.ac.in/.
University College of Engineering, Burla 1956 http://www.vssut.ac.in/.
Govt. College of Art and Crafts, Khallikote 1957 http://www.orissaculture.gov.in/gcack.asp.
Govt. College Angul 1957 http://www.gaca.nic.in/.
Dharnidhar Autonomous College, Keonjhar 1957 http://www.ddcollege.nic.in/.
S.B.R. Government Autonomous Women’s College, Berhampur 1958 http://www.sbrgwomenscollege.org/.
Govt. College Sundargarh 1958 http://www.govtcollegesundargarh.org/.
Dhenkanal Autonomous College, Dhenkanal 1959 http://www.dhenkanalcollege.nic.in/.
Vir Surendra Sai Institute of Medical Science & Research, Burla (Formerly: VSS Medical College) 1959/2014 http://www.vssmedical.net/. Became a university in 2014. Bill passed on February 14, 2014
Kendrapada Autonomous College 1959 http://www.kendraparacollege.org/.
Government Autonomous College, Phulbani 1960 http://www.govtcollegephulbani.org/.
KKS Women’s College, Balasore 1960 http://kksgovwc.org/.
Panchayat College, Baragarh 1960 http://panchayatcollege.in/.
Government Autonomous College, Bhawanipatna 1960/61 Started as Kalahandi Science College in 1960; taken over by state government in 1961. http://www.gacbhawanipatna.org/.
Government Women’s College, Puri 1961 http://www.gwcpuri.org.in/.
Government Autonomous College, Rourkela 1961 http://www.gacrkl.ac.in/.
NIT, Rourkela 1961/2002 Started as REC in 1961; became NIT in 2002; NIT act passed in 2007. http://www.nitrkl.ac.in/.
BJB College, Bhubaneswar 1962 http://www.bjbcollege.in/AutonomousCollege/default.asp.
OUAT, Bhubaneswar 1962 Second oldest agricultural university in the country. Has colleges in 4 locations: Bhubaneswar – 6 colleges and 1 center), Rangeilunda (Berhampur) – 1 college , Chipilima (Sambalpur) – 2 colleges and Bhawanipatna – 1 college. http://www.ouat.ac.in/.
MKCG Medical College, Berhampur 1962 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MKCG_Medical_College_and_Hospital.
IMIT Cuttack 1962 http://www.imit.ac.in/.
Dr. Parshuram Mishra Institute of Advanced Studies in Education, Sambalpur 1962-63 http://www.pmiasesambalpur.org/.
SVM Autonomous College, Jagatsinghpur 1963 http://www.svmiqac.org.in/.
Regional Institute of Education (RIE), Bhubaneswar 1963 It is part of NCERT which was set up in 1961. As per this wikipedia entry the Regional College of Educations (RCEs), the predecessor of RIEs were set up in 1963. http://as.ori.nic.in/riebbs/.
IMMT (formerly RRL), Bhubaneswar 1964 http://www.immt.res.in/.
Utkal Sangeet Mahavidyalaya 1964 http://www.usmorissa.org/.
Rama Devi Women’s college, Bhubaneswar 1964/2015 http://www.rdwc.org/. Became university in 2015.
Vyasa Nagar Autonomous College, Jajpur Rd. 1966 http://www.vnautocollege.org/home.asp.
Rayagada Autonomous College 1966 http://www.rayagadacollege.org/.
Sambalpur University 1967 http://www.suniv.ac.in/.
Berhampur University 1967 http://bamu.nic.in/.
Sushilavati Government Women’s College ,Rourkela 1967 http://www.sgwc.edu.in/.
Government Women’s College, Balangir 1967 http://www.womenscollegebalangir.in/.
Aska Science College 1968 http://www.askasciencecollege.com/.
Govt. College (Formerly D.A.V.College), Koraput 1968 http://www.davcollegekoraput.org.in/.
Government Science College, Chatrapur 1969 http://www.gscchatrapur.ac.in/.
Talcher Autonomous College 1969 http://www.talchercollege.org/.
Dr. Abhin Chandra Homeopathic medical college, Bhubaneswar 1969 http://as.ori.nic.in/drachmc/.
Regional Center of Central Institute of Indian Languages 1970 http://www.ciil.org/aboutregional.aspx.
Puri Campus of Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan 1971 http://www.sanskrit.nic.in/puri.htm. State operated Sadashiva Sanskrit College was taken over by the Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan and made a campus of it.
National Institute of Social Work and Social Sciences, Bhubaneswar 1971 http://www.niswass.org/.
Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar 1972 Taken over by DAE in 1985. http://www.iopb.res.in/.
JKBK College, Cuttack 1972 http://jkbkcollege.com/.
Rajdhani College, Bhubaneswar 1973 http://www.rajdhanicollege.org.in/home.html.
Dhenkanal Mahila Mahavidyalaya 1975 http://dhenkanalgovtwomenscollege.org/.
Paradeep College 1975 http://www.paradeepcollege.org/index.php.
SV Nirtar, Cuttack 1975 http://nirtar.nic.in/history.htm.
Government Ayurvedic College, Balangir 1975  
Kaviraj Ananta Tripathy Sharma Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Ganjam 1975  
Ispat Autonomous College, Rourkela 1978 http://www.ispatcollegerkl.com/.
Binayak Acharya College, Berhampur 1978 http://www.binayakacharyacollege.in/.
Govt. Women’s College, Sundargarh 1978 http://gwcsng.org/.
Ekamra College, Bhubaneswar 1978 http://www.ekamracollege.org/.
Govt. Women’s College, Keonjhar 1979 http://www.gwckeonjhar.in/
Govt. women’s college at Jeypore 1979 http://govtwomenscollegejeypore.org/.
INS, Chilika 1980 (establishment commissioned) https://www.indiannavy.nic.in/content/ins-chilka-sailor-training-establishmnet. As per the book, “Transition to Eminence: The Indian Navy 1976-1990” by G. M. Hiranandani, in 1986 INS Chilika became Indian Navy’s sole establishment to impart initial training to sailors on entry.
Niranjan Govt. Women’s College, Aska 1980 http://ngwc.in/.
College of Teacher Education (CTE) Rourkela 1981 http://www.cterkl.com/.
Government Women’s College, Bhawanipatna 1981 http://gwcbhawanipatna.org/.
Sri Jagannath Sanskrit University, Puri 1981 http://www.sjsv.nic.in/.
Regional Medical Research Center (RMRC), Bhubaneswar 1981 http://icmr.nic.in/icmrsql/insprofile.asp?insno1=000517.
CET Bhubaneswar 1981 http://www.cet.edu.in/.
Regional College of Management, Bhubaneswar 1982 http://www.rcm.ac.in/. (First management college of Odisha.)
Army Air Defense College, Gopalpur 1984 Link. (Google it if it does not work.)
B. K. College of Art and Craft, Bhubaneswar 1984 http://www.bkartcollege.org/.
Institute of Hotel Management, Bhubaneswar 1984 http://www.ihmbbs.org/about_ihm.htm. Started as a Foodcraft institute in 1973; became State institute of Hotel Management in 1981. Became GOI funded in 1984.
IGIT Sarang 1985 http://www.igitsarang.ac.in/.
CIPET, Bhubaneswar 1986 http://cipet.gov.in/visitourcampus/orissa/orissa.html.
Orissa Engineering College (Odisha’s first private engineering college), Bhubaneswar 1986 http://www.oec.ac.in/.
Orissa institute of maritime and south-east asian studies 1986 http://www.orissaculture.gov.in/oimseas.asp.
Guru Kelucharan Mohapatra Odissi research center 1986 http://www.orissaculture.gov.in/gkcm_orc.asp.
Nabakrushna Choudhury Center for Developmental Studies, Bhubaneswar 1987 http://nkccds.nic.in/.
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), Bhubaneswar 1987 http://www.cifa.in/Content.aspx?id=2.
XIM Bhubaneswar 1987 http://www.ximb.ac.in/. Became part of newly established Xavier University in 2013.
Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar 1989

Taken over by Dept. of Biotechnology in 2002.


Orissa Maritime Academy, Paradeep 1992 http://www.orissamaritime.com/index.html.
IIMC Dhenkanal 1993 http://www.iimc.nic.in/branches-dhenkanal.html.
Degree stream started in OSME Keonjhar 1996 http://osmedegree.org/.
Second and third private Engineering Colleges established 1996 NIST Berhampur, JIET Cuttack.
IITTM Bhubaneswar Campus 1996 http://www.iittmb.in/. References: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/mbErel.aspx?relid=94768.
Nine new Private Engineering Colleges 1997 Bhadrak Inst of Engg & Tech, CV Raman, GIET Gunupur, GHITM Puri, ITER, JITM Parlakhemundi, Sanjay Memorial Berhampur, Seemanta Mayurbhanj, KIIT.
One new private Engineering College. First private architecture college.
1998 ABIT.
Ten new private Engineering Colleges 1999 CEB, DRIEMS, Gopal Krishna Jeypore, Krupajala, Majhighariani Rayagada, Padmanava Rourkela, Purushottam Rourkela, Satyasai Balasore, Synergy Dhenkanal.
North Orissa University, Baripada 1999 http://www.nou.nic.in/.
Fakir Mohan University, Balasore 1999 http://www.fmuniversity.nic.in/.
Utkal University of Culture, Bhubaneswar 1999 http://uuc.ac.in/home.aspx.
Institute of Mathematics & Applications, Bhubaneswar 1999 http://www.iomaorissa.ac.in/.
College of IT & Management Education, Bhubaneswar 2000 http://www.cime.ac.in/.
One new private Engineering College 2000 EAST.
Six new private Engineering Colleges 2001 Balasore College of Engg and Tech, IACR Rayagada, KISD, Mahavir, Samanta Chandra Sekhar Koraput, Silicon Bhubaneswar,
Three new private Engineering Colleges 2002 KIST, Padmashree Baragarh, Roland Berhampur.
BPNSI, Puri 2002 http://www.bpnsi.org/glance.htm.
BPUT, Rourkela 2002 http://www.bput.ac.in/.
Two new private Engineering Colleges 2004 GITA, NMIET.
State Institute of Hotel Managament, Balangir 2004/2011

Started as a Food Craft Institute in 2004. http://www.foodcraftbalangir.org/about_institute.htm.

Became State Institute of Hotel Management in 2011.


KIIT Bhubaneswar became KIIT deemed university 2004 http://www.kiit.ac.in/.
First private medical college: Hi-tech medical college, Bhubaneswar
2005 http://www.hi-techmedical.org/.
First private dental college: Gandhi Dental College, Bhubaneswar 2005 http://www.gdc.edu.in/.
Two new private Engineering Colleges 2005 Techno, Trident.
One new private Engineering Colleges 2006 Gandhi EC Bhubaneswar.
Ravenshaw College became Ravenshaw university 2006 http://ravenshawuniversity.ac.in/.
ITER Bhubaneswar became SOA deemed university 2007 http://www.soauniversity.ac.in/.
IIIT Bhubaneswar 2007/2013 http://www.iiit-bh.ac.in/. IIIT bill (to make it a state university) approved in August 2013.
KIMS (Second private medical college) 2007 http://www.kims.ac.in/.
IMS (Third private medical college) 2007 http://ims.ac.in/.
NISER Bhubaneswar 2007

NIS announced in 2003; NISER announced in 2006. See http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=20345.


Six new private Engineering Colleges 2007 Gandhi IFT Bhubaneswar, Indus, Nalanda, Rajdhani, Sundergarh, Templecity.
Seventeen new private Engineering Colleges 2008 Apex, BEC, Black Diamond Jharsuguda, BRM, Centurion, GIIT Berhampur, GIST Rayagada, GITM Bhubaneswar, Hi-Tech Khurda, Indic, Kalam Berhampur, Koustuv, Maharaja, Modern Balasore, Modern Bhubaneswar, Subas, Vignan Berhampur.
IIHT Baragarh 2008 http://iihtbargarh.webs.com/.
IIT Bhubaneswar 2008

Announced March 28th 2008. See http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=36955.


National Law University of Orissa, Cuttack 2008-2009 http://www.nluo.ac.in/.
UCE Burla became VSSUT 2009 http://www.vssut.ac.in/.
Central University of Orissa, Koraput 2009

Announced March 28th 2008. See http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=36955.


Sri Sri University 2009/2012 http://www.srisriuniversity.edu.in/. Bill passed in 2009. Classes started in 2012.
Vedanta University bill passed in the Odisha assembly 2009 http://www.vedanta.edu.in/.
Parla Maharaj Engineering College, Berhampur 2009 http://www.pmec.ac.in/.
Government Engineering College, Bhawanipatna 2009 http://www.gcekbpatna.ac.in/.
Twenty seven new Private Engineering Colleges 2009 Adarsa Angul, Aryan, BIT, Einstein, Ekalavya, Gandhi AT Berhampur, GIET Khurda, Gurukula, Hi-Tech Bhubaneswar, Indotech, KMBB, Nigam,  Oxford, Rahul Berhampur, Shibani, Silicon Sambalpur, Sophitorium, Spintronic, Srinix Balasore, Suddhananda Cuttack, Synergy Khurda, Vedang, Vikash Baragarh,   VITS, Vijyanjali Balasore, VIVTECH, Xavier.
Seven new private Engineering Colleges 2010 BIIT, Capital, IIET, Radhakrishna, RITAM Rayagada, Kruttika, BAT Bhubaneswar.
ICFAI university Bill passed in the Odisha assembly 2010  
Centurion University of Technology and Management, Parlakhemundi 2010

The HQ of this university is in Parlakhemundi taking over JITM, which was established in 1997. Centurion Institute in Bhubaneswar also became a part of the university.


SU-IIT, Sambalpur 2010 https://suiit.ac.in/.
NIFT, Bhubaneswar 2010 http://www.nift.ac.in/bhubaneswar/index.html.
IIPH (Indian Institute of Public Health), Bhubaneswar 2010 http://www.phfi.org/iiph/iiphb.html.
IMI Bhubaneswar 2011 http://www.imibh.edu.in/.
AIIMS, Bhubaneswar 2012 http://www.aiimsbhubaneswar.edu.in/
Hi-Tech Medical College, Rourkela 2012 http://hi-techmedicalrkl.org/.
Xavier University, Bhubaneswar 2013 http://www.xub.edu.in/.
BIMTECH Bhubaneswar 2013 http://bimtechbbsr.ac.in/.
Vir Surendra Sai Institute of Medical Science & Research, Burla (Formerly: VSS Medical College) 2014 Became a university in 2014. Bill passed on February 14, 2014. http://www.vimsar.ac.in/.
Odisha Open University, Sambalpur 2014 Bill passed in Odisha assembly on December 4th, 2014. http://osou.ac.in/
Rama Devi Women’s University, Bhubaneswar 2015 http://www.rdwuniversity.nic.in/
Gangadhar Meher University, Sambalpur 2015 http://gmuniversity.ac.in/
Khallikote University, Berhampur 2015 http://khallikoteuniversity.ac.in/
Birla Global University, Bhubaneswar 2015 http://www.bgu.ac.in/. Odisha assembly passed this bill on December 7th, 2015.
IISER, Berhampur 2016 http://www.iiserbpr.ac.in/
Skill Development Institute (SDI), Bhubaneswar 2016 http://www.sdibhubaneswar.in/
ICAR International Center for Foot and Mouth Diseases, Bhubaneswar 2017 http://www.nddb.org/services/engineering/bsl/icfmd.
8 Model degree Colleges 2017 Malkangiri, Nabarangpur, Rayagada, Boudh, Deogarh, Nuapada, Subarnapur and Nayagarh. http://dheodisha.gov.in/defaulter/ModelCollegesDEG.aspx
Pandit Raghunath Murmu Medical College and Hospital, Baripada 2017 http://prmmchbaripada.in/.
Saheed Laxman Nayak Medical College and Hospital, Koraput 2017 http://www.slnmch.nic.in/.
KISS, Bhubaneswar 2017 Becomes a deemed university under the de-novo category https://www.kiss.ac.in/
Odia University, Bhubaneswar 2017 Bill passed in Odisha assembly on September 14, 2017
AIPH University, Bhubaneswar 2017 Bill passed in Odisha assembly on December 15, 2017. It started as an institute in 2008. Its current web page is http://www.aiph.ac.in/
ASBM, Bhubaneswar 2018 Newspapers report that it is one of three institutions that the government has approved for upgradation to private state university. A bill for this is expected to come in Odisha assembly later in the year. http://www.asbm.ac.in/
GIET, Gunupur 2018 Newspapers report that it is one of three institutions that the government has approved for upgradation to private state university. A bill for this is expected to come in Odisha assembly later in the year. http://www.giet.edu/
CVRaman, Bhubaneswar 2018 CM has cleared the file on 22nd September 2017. Bill expected in the winter session and CVRaman is expected to run as a university from 2018. http://cvrce.edu.in/
Medical College and Hospital, Balasore 2018 Expected.
Medical College and Hospital, Balangir 2018 Expected.
Medical College and Hospital, Puri 2019 Expected.
Mahanadi Institute of Medical Science & Research, Talcher 2019 See http://odishatv.in/odisha/body-slider/uncertainty-over-medical-college-in-talcher-as-mcl-contemplates-to-back-out-232693/.
NTPC Medical College and Hospital, Sundargarh 2019? http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/ntpc-medical-college-hospital-work-to-begin-from-aug-15-115060801163_1.html.
ISPAT General Hospital (IGH) and Medical College, Rourkela 2019? https://www.facebook.com/diliprayindia/posts/2350656068492026.
Advanced Training Institute (ATI), Bhubaneswar Announced in 2016 See news reports on this at http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bhubaneswar/Skill-development-ministry-approves-advanced-training-institute-for-Bhubaneswar/articleshow/52633856.cms.
Medical College and Hospital, Keonjhar 2020 Expected.
Medical College and Hospital, Kalahandi 2020 Expected.
Xavier Business School, Rourkela Announced in 2015  
Regional Institute of Paramedical Sciences, Bhubaneswar   See news reports on this at http://www.orissalinks.com/archives/5679.
University of Innovation, Bhubaneswar   Announced March 28th 2008. See http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=36955.

7 comments April 1st, 2011

NALCO to set up a carbon sequestration unit in its power plant in Angul; The National Academy of Engineering of US considers carbon sequestration as one of the 14 engineering grand challenges awaiting solutions in the 21st century

Following is an excerpt from a report in Orissadiary.

National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO), the Navratna PSU, under Ministry of Mines, Govt. of India, has become the first PSU in India by implementing a pilot-cum-demonstration project on Carbon Sequestration in its Captive Power Plant at Angul.

… Nalco has earmarked an area of 0.18 acre for the project to adopt an advanced and innovative technology by engaging the firm M/s Indo-Can Technology Solutions (ICTS), a pioneer in the area of bio-technology solutions, for providing technical consultancy and rendering necessary services to guide Nalco for successful completion of the project within 18 months.

Carbon sequestration is a method for managing and storing of carbon dioxide (CO2) or other forms of Carbon that would otherwise be released into the atmosphere by burning carbon-based fuels. It is a relatively new idea brought about by the worldwide concern that high concentrations of atmospheric CO2 contribute to global warming.

Since Orissa is having huge coal reserves, a large number of Thermal Power Plants and Industries having large power requirements are coming up in the State and this trend will continue to grow in future. These power plants emit huge quantity of CO2 to the atmosphere. In the recent Copenhagen summit India has volunteered to cut down the rate of emission of Green House Gases (GHG) by 20% by 2020.

A battery of system would be introduced into the flue gas stream to clean the flue gas to suit cultivation of algae.

Algae, a kind of microorganism, is the most efficient photosynthetic and CO2 sequestering organism on earth and its productivity potential can be increased by supplementing with high concentrations of CO2, a characteristic not matched by plants, thus making algae more productive than any other crop. Micro-algae could achieve growth rate that is ten times more than that of other land plants. Faster growth implies more photosynthesis and hence higher CO2 consumption. India being in the temperate climate zone is best suited for algae cultivation.

The algae so produced can be used for production of bio-fuel, Poultry & Cattle feed, Aquaculture Feed, pharmaceutical products and a kind of organic fuel having high calorific value. By successfully implementing this project NALCO can pursue to avail the benefit of Carbon Credits under Clean Development Mechanism in two ways (i) through the process of Carbon capturing from flue gas and (ii) also through Bio-Energy and bio product generation.

Carbon Sequestration is a very important research area in Engineering and is in the list of 14 grand challenges awaiting solutions in the 21st century compiled by the US National Academy of Engineering (NAE) Committee on Engineering’s Grand Challenges. See http://www.engineeringchallenges.org/cms/8996/9077.aspx for details. I hope one of the research institutions in Odisha partner with NALCO and others having thermal power plants in Odisha to pursue research in this area.

Following is a big excerpt from the NAE site.

What is carbon sequestration?

Carbon sequestration is capturing the carbon dioxide produced by burning fossil fuels and storing it safely away from the atmosphere.

How do you capture CO2?

Methods already exist for key parts of the sequestration process. A chemical system for capturing carbon dioxide is already used at some facilities for commercial purposes, such as beverage carbonation and dry ice manufacture. The same approach could be adapted for coal-burning electric power plants, where smokestacks could be replaced with absorption towers. One tower would contain chemicals that isolate carbon dioxide from the other gases (nitrogen and water vapor) that escape into the air and absorb it. A second tower would separate the carbon dioxide from the absorbing chemicals, allowing them to be returned to the first tower for reuse.

A variation to this approach would alter the combustion process at the outset, burning coal in pure oxygen rather than ordinary air. That would make separating the carbon dioxide from the exhaust much easier, as it would be mixed only with water vapor, and not with nitrogen. It’s relatively simple to condense the water vapor, leaving pure carbon dioxide gas that can be piped away for storage.

In this case, though, a different separation problem emerges — the initial need for pure oxygen, which is created by separating it from nitrogen and other trace gases in the air. If that process can be made economical, it would be feasible to retrofit existing power plants with a pure oxygen combustion system, simplifying and reducing the cost of carbon dioxide capture.

Advanced methods for generating power from coal might also provide opportunities for capturing carbon dioxide. In coal-gasification units, an emerging technology, coal is burned to produce a synthetic gas, typically containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Adding steam, along with a catalyst, to the synthetic gas converts the carbon monoxide into additional hydrogen and carbon dioxide that can be filtered out of the system. The hydrogen can be used in a gas turbine (similar to a jet engine) to produce electric power.

How do you store CO2?

Several underground possibilities have been investigated. Logical places include old gas and oil fields. Storage in depleted oil fields, for example, offers an important economic advantage — the carbon dioxide interacts with the remaining oil to make it easier to remove. Some fields already make use of carbon dioxide to enhance the recovery of hard-to-get oil. Injecting carbon dioxide dislodges oil trapped in the pores of underground rock, and carbon dioxide’s presence reduces the friction impeding the flow of oil through the rock to wells.

Depleted oil and gas fields do not, however, have the capacity to store the amounts of carbon dioxide that eventually will need to be sequestered. By some estimates, the world will need reservoirs capable of containing a trillion tons of carbon dioxide by the end of the century. That amount could possibly be accommodated by sedimentary rock formations with pores containing salty water (brine).

The best sedimentary brine formations would be those more than 800 meters deep — far below sources of drinking water, and at a depth where high pressure will maintain the carbon dioxide in a high-density state.

Sedimentary rocks that contain brine are abundantly available, but the concern remains whether they will be secure enough to store carbon dioxide for centuries or millennia. Faults or fissures in overlying rock might allow carbon dioxide to slowly escape, so it will be an engineering challenge to choose, design, and monitor such storage sites carefully. 

Concerns about leaks suggest to some experts that the best strategy might be literally deep-sixing carbon dioxide, by injecting it into sediments beneath the ocean floor. High pressure from above would keep the carbon dioxide in the sediments and out of the ocean itself. It might cost more to implement than other methods, but it would be free from worries about leaks. And in the case of some coastal sites of carbon dioxide production, ocean sequestration might be a more attractive strategy than transporting it to far-off sedimentary basins.

It is also possible that engineers will be able to develop new techniques for sequestering carbon dioxide that are based upon natural processes. For example, when atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide increased in geologic times to a certain unknown threshold, it went into the ocean and combined with positively charged calcium ions to form calcium carbonate – limestone. Similarly, engineers might devise ways of pumping carbon dioxide into the ocean in ways that would lock it eternally into rock.

It may well be that multiple strategies and storage locations will be needed to solve this problem, but the prospect for success appears high. “Scientific and economic challenges still exist,” writes Harvard geoscientist Daniel Schrag, “but none are serious enough to suggest that carbon capture and storage will not work at the scale required to offset trillions of tons of carbon dioxide emissions over the next century.” [Schrag, p. 812]



Herzog, H., and D. Golomb.  2004.  Carbon Capture and Storage from Fossil Fuel Use.  Encyclopedia of Energy, ed. C.J. Cleveland.  Vol. 1.  Elsevier Science: .

Lal, R.  2004.  Carbon Sequestration, Terrestrial.  Encyclopedia of Energy, Vol. 1 (Elsevier Inc.).

Schrag, D.P.,  et al.  2007.  Preparing to Capture Carbon,” Science 315, p. 812. DOI: 10.1126/science.1137632.

Socolow, R.H.  2005.  Can We Bury Global Warming?  Scientific American (July 2005), pp. 49-55.

Zenz House, K. et al.  2006.   Permanent carbon dioxide storage in deep-sea sediments,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103 (15 August 2006), pp. 12291-12295.


March 22nd, 2011

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