Archive for August, 2007

Special programs for adivasis: an ad in Samaja

RURAL & SPECIAL PROGRAMS, TRIBAL WELFARE Comments Off on Special programs for adivasis: an ad in Samaja


Tatas’ Centenary Park inaugurated at Joda

Keonjhar, Uncategorized Comments Off on Tatas’ Centenary Park inaugurated at Joda

The Pioneer reported that

Tata Steel has converted a wasteland into an attractive park and dedicated it to the citizens of Joda valley in Keonjhar district on the occasion of its centenary year.

A couple of years back this barren wasteland by the side of the main road in Joda was just a parking place for trucks or grazing field for the animals.

Kalinga Times has a more elaborate article on this.

Vedanta Resources plans JV to enter cement business near to its power plant in Orissa

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Following it an extract from a report from Ecomic Times.

The $7-billion metals-to-power group , Vedanta Resources, on Friday invited companies to build cement plants in Orissa near its thermal power facilities by using fly ash, a by-product of burning coal and a key ingredient for making cement. Vedanta said it will keep open the option to partner prospective companies in the venture.

Vedanta has asked interested companies to submit plans by the first week of September. The fly ash will come from the coal-based power plants owned by Sterlite Industries, a subsidiary of Vedanta Resources.

According to Vedanta’s statement, the power plants will generate about 8MT of fly ash. Industry experts said that a tonne of fly ash produces an equal amount of cement. But the by-product from Sterlite’s plants may also be used to feed brick manufacturing units and other ash utilising units in and around Jharsguda, said executives.

Sterlite had recently floated an energy subsidiary – Sterlite Energy – to build thermal power plants in Orissa’s Jharsguda district, with a combined capacity of 2,400 MW.

The power plants, to be built at an investment of $2 billion, will come up by 2009, Sterlite had announced earlier. Sterlite had earlier this year raised about $2 billion in the US market, to be mainly used for funding the power projects.

L&T to invest around Rs 400 cr in alumina joint venture in Orissa

Aluminium, INDUSTRY and INFRASTRUCTURE, L & T, Rayagada Comments Off on L&T to invest around Rs 400 cr in alumina joint venture in Orissa

Economic Times reported that

Larsen & Toubro, the country’s biggest engineering firm, will invest around Rs 400 crore in its proposed three million tonne alumina refinery joint venture with Dubai Aluminium Company (Dubal) in Orissa. It further said that "The total project cost would be Rs 15,000 crore. L&T would do the engineering, procurement and construction job for the project, which would cost around Rs 5,000 crore. The first phase of the plant at Rayagada with 1.5 million tons capacity is scheduled to be operational by 2010. In another similar report Zee News reported that Dubal will have the majority 74 per cent stake in the venture and the remaining 26 per cent will be with L&T.

Central Schemes in Agriculture

Agricultural insurance, Agricultural markets, AGRICULTURE & FARMING, Pulse (daali), Rice-n-Paddy Comments Off on Central Schemes in Agriculture

Following are excerpts from a statesman report.

Union agriculture secretary Dr Pramod Kumar Mishra …was addressing the 46th foundation day celebration of Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology (OUAT).

The Centre is planning for implementation of two schemes. The first scheme, for which Rs 5,000 crore will be earmarked, will concentrate on rice and pulse. A total of 133 and 168 districts of the country will avail the scheme for rice and pulse respectively. Many districts of Orissa are selected for the scheme, Dr Mishra, said. The second scheme, with Rs 25,000 crore will be implemented with active support of the states. Here the states can propose any project, they feel suitable for them, he added.

“Only rise of production will not solve the problems of the farmers. The post-harvest aspect including processing and marketing are to be taken care of. The premier institutes like OUAT should focus on those type of research, that help the farmers most, Dr Mishra suggested. Keeping this aspect in mind, the Centre is planning to set up three world class modern markets in Orissa,” Dr Mishra, added.

Describing Orissa as one of the leading states in disbursement of crop insurance, he said that the Centre is planning to implement the weather or rain insurance for the welfare of the farmers. He also emphasized on need of study on climate change, food security, maximum utilisation of national horticulture mission, and revitalisation of Extension System (ES), research on seed and opined that in favour of an integrated and holistic approach.

J. B. Patnaik’s contribution to Orissa – in his words

Central ministers from Odisha, Odisha history, State Ministers 4 Comments »

Following are excerpts from a Kalinga Times article where former union minister and former Chief Minister of Orissa J. B. Patnaik talks about his contributions to Orissa.

… I had shifted the naval training centre from Visakhapatnam to Chilika. And the Army Air Defence College was shifted from Deorali in Maharashtra to Gopalpur where a cantonment was established in fulfillment of a long-standing demand over several years. An ordnance factory was set up in Titilagarh in Balangir district. An arms factory was set up in Koraput. …

There were no direct train services from Bhubaneswar to New Delhi . There was also no direct air connectivity as well. In 1980, Nilachal Express was stared between Delhi and Bhubaneswar . Direct flights were also introduced. A long railway track initiated to connect Jakhapura-Bansapani and bring benefits for vast tracts of Keonjhar district has been completed this year. To link western Orissa with coastal Orissa, Talcher-Sambalpur railway track was undertaken. Rayagada-Koraput railway line was built to connect Rayagada–Koraput with Visakhapatnam . A new railway division was established at Sambalpur and a new zone (East Coast) was created.

…When I was Union Minister, I had demanded that tourism be declared an industry. When it was not granted, as Chief Minister of Orissa I declared the hotel business as an industry. Later the Central government accepted my decision. As a result, many quality hotels were built in the state. Hoteliers like the Oberois came to Bhubaneswar …

Adjacent to Bhubaneswar city, the Chandaka Elephant Sanctuary was established. For the protection of wildlife, Bhitarkanika wildlife sanctuary was established along with many other sanctuaries in the state. Puri-Bhubaneswar and Konark were declared a Golden triangle for tourism and Konark-Puri Marine Drive ‘s construction also made this entire area very attractive for the tourism sector. Many such programmes were undertaken to boost tourism in the state.

The state capital of Bhubaneswar was a small city of government employees and its population was one lakh only. The area and nature of the city was transformed. Bhubaneswar became a hub of industrial development and a prominent business and trade centre. Chandaka, Mancheswar, Rasulgarh industrial estates and the newly developed Nayapalli-Chandrasekharpur areas were in for rapid expansion. Parks such as Indira Gandhi Park , Mahatma Gandhi Park and Forest Park were developed in the capital city. Kalinga stadium, construction of a deep lake for water sports in it, the expansion of roads, the beautification of the city with electric lamps, Samanta Chandrasekhar Planetarium, Nabakrushna Choudhury Centre for Development Studies, Harekrushna Mahatab State Library, Kalinga Studio, Odissi Research Centre for development of Odissi song and dance, Xavier Institute of Management for high quality management education, National Institute of Physics, massive plantation programmes to make a green Bhubaneswar, a plant resource centre park for cultivation and propagation of rare cacti were the efforts taken to turn Bhubaneswar into a modern and attractive city. Earlier it was like a small village and without proper attire, it would not attract attention. The state capital should be wholesomely beautiful.

… In 1980, Orissa was the most backward state in the field of agriculture. It is the same way even now. In 1980, a massive effort was undertaken. For a long time, per hectare yield of paddy in Orissa was a mere one tonne, in 1980 it rose by 40 per cent and the yield became 1.4 tonne. The groundnut yield per hectare was two tonnes and from the productivity point of view, it was the highest in the country. The fertilizer yield was improved from only 6 kg per hectare to 22 kg in the year. Of the agricultural land, only 19 percent could benefit from the irrigation system and it rose to 28 percent and by 2000, it grew up to 33 percent. Canal irrigation, tube wells, lift irrigation facilities were increased and creek irrigation facilities were introduced for the first time. Like this, 15 percent additional land could be irrigated and Orissa could be brought into a state of self-reliance.

For the first time, agriculture was accorded the status of an industry in the state and revolutionary agriculture policies were adopted. This enables aid and cooperation to flow in for the farmers just like the industrialists could avail various kinds of benefits and cooperation. Like IPICOL for the industrial sector, APICOL was formed for the agricultural sector. A sum of Rs 20 lakh was allotted for cold storage facilities by the state government.

… In 1980 when the Congress party came to power, the electricity yield capacity in Orissa was very low; it was only 373 megawatts. To improve the scenario, many hydro electricity projects and thermal power plants were constructed. The Orissa Power Generation Corporation and Ib thermal power unit were formed to produce 820 MW in the state. And the Union government also established a 3,000 MW Super Thermal Power Plant. In the later years, India’s the first ever power sector reforms were undertaken in the State. This resulted in putting Orissa’s name as a ‘surplus electricity generating’ state and within 20 years the rate of electricity production became more than six percent higher than in 1980.

There was no environment for industrial development in Orissa then. Except a handful of industries, no one came forward to become an industrialist. That is why attractive industrial plans were formulated to bring about a revolution change in the field. “Rs 1000 crore in 1000 days and 1000 industries.” Whatever was promised came true. Big industries like NALCO in Damanjodi and Angul, Paradeep Phosphates in Paradip, Birla Tyres in Balasore, and FACOR in Bhadrak are some of the big industrial houses apart from numerous small and medium sized industrial units. Chandaka and Rasulgarh in Bhubaneswar , Jagatpur in Cuttack , Balasore, and Kolunga in Rourkela , Jharsuguda, and industrial estate in Balangir were the new industrial units set up. Nine spinning mills, five sugar mills, two oil mills, and many agricultural product mills were prominent among them. Sewa Paper Mills in Koraput, Mangalam Timbers in Nawarangpur, Nicco Cables in Baripada, Powmax Steel in Titilagarh, Orissa Sponge in Keonjhar, Ipitata, Utkal Asbestos in Dhenkanal, Nilachal Ispat Nigam in Jajpur, Oswal fertilizers, Paradip Oil Refinery in Paradip and Software Technology Park in Bhubaneswar, Fortune Towers were also established.

Most of the industrialists who have established themselves in the small and medium industries are Oriya. The creation of a favourable environment for industrialisation in the state has made this happen and a strong team of Oriya industrialists have created a suitable environment for rapid industrialisation in the state. The reports prepared by the Nabakrushna Choudhury Institute and the Planning Commission of the Union Government indicate that during that time Orissa made spectacular advancement in the industrial sector and by 2000 Orissa had became an important destination for capital investment.

For the development of sports, many sports schools were also established in the state from football to hockey. Those sports personnel who earned laurels for themselves and international fame for their state have emerged from the sports institutes.

My Comments: Mr. JB Patnaik definitely has made some good contributions to Orissa. But I wonder if he is being clever in the above piece and indirectly claiming a lot more to be his contributions. Earlier we had listed some of Biju Patnaik’s contribution to Orissa during 1961-67.

National Agricultural Insurance Program – ad from Samaja

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16 investment proposals get a go ahead

Aluminium, Angul, Cement, Cuttack, Dhenkanal, INVESTMENTS and INVESTMENT PLANS, Jharsugurha, Keonjhar, Koraput, Steel, Sundergarh, Thermal Comments Off on 16 investment proposals get a go ahead

Follow are excerpts from a Statesman report.

The high powered committee headed by chief secretary Mr Ajit Tripathy today cleared 16 investment proposals, entailing an investment of approximately Rs 30,000 crore.

The projects mainly in the power, steel, aluminium and cement sectors were amongst the 40 project proposals placed before the committee. There were three steel and three power projects amongst the 16 which got the nod today.

Significantly while the Ashapura mines chemicals project proposal for a aluminium refinery was approved, the aluminium project of IMFA Group headed by Dr Bansidhar Panda was held up.

… two task forces had been constituted to further evaluate the proposals in the cement and power sectors. The Industry secretary will head the task force for cement sector projects while the development commissioner will be in charge of the task force for power projects, …

The power projects cleared by the committee today included the Bhusan Energy project which intends to establish a 2,000 MW thermal power plant at Angul with an investment of Rs 8,483 crore. The Visa Power Limited’s 1,000 mw Thermal Power plant at Brhamnabasta in Cuttack district at a cost of Rs 3,698 crore was also cleared while the third power project was of Monnet Energy at Sundergarh. It will be a 1,000 mw plant.

The Rs 4,232 crore aluminium project of Ashpura Mines Chemicals to come up in Koraput district was cleared. It aims at setting up a 5 lakh ton refinery and a 1.5 lakh ton smelter plant besides having a 300 MW captive power plant .

The Committee approved the three new steel plant projects and the expansion of existing five steel projects in the state.

Bonei Industry company’s project to set up a plant at Sundergarh at a cost of Rs 302 crore, M/s Rungta Sons Ltd’s proposal to set up a steel plant at Barmunda at a cost of Rs 930 crore and Free Grade company Ltd’s steel plant at Dhenkanal at a cost of Rs 603 crore were also cleared.

Expansion proposals of SMC Power Generation and MSP Mettalics at Jharsuguda, Braja Ispat, Rourkela and the Keonjhar Orient Ispat were given the go ahead by the committee.

ACC Cement’s proposal for investment of Rs 400 crore for its capacity development was approved while Goa Carbons Ltd’s proposal for a CPC coke plant with an investment of Rs 225 crore was also cleared.

Integrated Sewerage project for Bhubaneswar and conservation of Bindusagar

Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bindusagar, Integrated Sewerage, NURM, JNNURM, URBAN DEV. & RENEWAL Comments Off on Integrated Sewerage project for Bhubaneswar and conservation of Bindusagar

Following is from a PIB release.

A project titled ‘Integrated Sewerage Project’ has been approved for Bhubaneshwar under Sewerage sector by Central Sanctioning and Monitoring Committee in its meeting held on 22.2.07 at an approved cost of Rs.49891.35 lakh. Central share committed for this project is Rs.39913.08 lakh (being 80%). Out of this, a sum of Rs.5158.40 lakh has been released towards first instalment on 24.04.07. The implementation period of this project is 48 months.

A project titled ‘Conservation of the Heritage Tank of Bindusagar’ has also been approved for Bhubaneshwar under ‘Urban Renewal Sector’ by Central Sanctioning and Monitoring Committee in its meeting held on 9.02.07 at an approved cost of Rs.601.31 lakh. Central share committed for this project is Rs.481.04 lakh (being 80%). Out of this, a sum of Rs.120.26 lakh has been released towards first instalment on 7.3.07. The implementation period of this project of this project is 24 months.

These are not entirely centrally funded projects and only 80 percent of the approved cost is provided as Additional Central Assistance as central share.

This information was given by Shri Ajay Maken, Minister of State in the Ministry of Urban Development in the Rajya Sabha today in a written reply to a question by Shri B.J.Panda and Ms. Pramila Bohidar.

Funding for Railway projects in the North East: this is exactly the kind of commitment Orissa should try to get for its KBK and adivasi areas

CENTER & ODISHA, Railways Comments Off on Funding for Railway projects in the North East: this is exactly the kind of commitment Orissa should try to get for its KBK and adivasi areas

Following is from a PIB release.

The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh has approved funding of the Bogibeel Rail-cum Road Bridge and the Rangia–Murkongselek gauge conversion projects at a cost of Rs1980 crores. Additional Budgetary support will be given to the Railways to complete the projects. A detailed milestone map with target dates is to be prepared for these projects with indication of annual requirement of funds.

The Ministry of Railways will set up a dedicated fund for these projects to ensure timely implementation. The cost overruns will be funded by the Railways from internal resources.

The Prime Minister has directed that a uniform funding pattern, on the same lines, be extended to the remaining five-sanctioned National Projects for the North East Region. A dedicated fund called the “ North East Rail Development Fund” will be set up for the timely completion of these projects. The projects will be completed in five years. The Ministry of Railways will submit a proposal for the approval of the Cabinet.

Indian Railways must give ECOR and Orissa its fair share: KBK and other adivasi areas of Orissa and India can not be left behind while rest of India marches forward with high speed rail; metro rail and freight corridors

Balangir, Bhadrakh-Dhamara, Bhubaneswar-Nayagarh, Bouda, CENTER & ODISHA, Gajapati, INDUSTRY and INFRASTRUCTURE, INVESTMENTS and INVESTMENT PLANS, Kalahandi, Khordha, Koraput- Jeypore- Sunabedha- Damanjodi, Malkangiri, Mayurbhanj, Nabarangpur, Nayagarha, Nuapada, Planning Commission and Odisha, Puri, Puri - Konark, Railways, Rayagada, Rayagada- Therubali, Sonepur, Sundergarh 1 Comment »

(1) ECOR GM Shri Surendra Singh Khurana in his Independence Day address (available at while talking about ECOR, said:


 “With only 4% of the track of Indian Railways, we cater for about 12% of total loading of Indian railway and about 7% of total earning of IR.”


(2) From


For the 2003-2004 and 2004-05 the working expense as part of gross earnings of the ECOR zone is the second best at 66.64% and 61.75% respectively.

  • The profit making zones in those years were
    • South east central (62.8% and 56.1%),
    • ECOR (66.64% and 61.75%),
    • North central (76.33% and 66.71%),
    • Central (80.29% and 82.48%),
    • South eastern (81.24% and 83.51%),
    • South Central (85.72% and 83.62%),
    • West Central (80.99% and 84.08%),
    • South Western (91.35% and 86.15%),
    • Western (93.21% and 90.85%),
    • Northern (91.08% and 92.89%) and
    • East Central (93.65% and 98.9%).
  • The loss making zones were:
    • metro Kolkata (247% and 264.38%),
    • North Eastern (151.93% and 160.88%),
    • Northeast Frontier (147.98% and 159.45%),
    • Eastern (161.3% and 152.84%),
    • Southern (118.55% and 120.79%) and
    • North Western ( 106.26% and 104.98%).

(3) Based on (1) and (2) above ECOR probably makes about 10% of Indian Railways profit.

(4) The above raises the following questions:

Why does not ECOR have the track length commensurate with the earnings it makes?


Why are no serious efforts being made to correct this; especially with many planned lines being given only minimal annual budgets which in many cases are less than the annual inflation.

(5) (Using the data in

In terms of rail density: the average rail density (2004-05) for India is 19.13; the rail density is highest in Delhi (138.2) followed by West Bengal (43.4), Punjab (41.6), Haryana (36.1), Bihar (35.9), Uttar Pradesh (35.8), etc. while Chhatisgarh (8.6) and Orissa (14.6) are among the states with low rail densities.


(6) The data from (1-3) and (5) show that while Indian Railways is making a lot of revenue and profit from ECOR (big part of which is in Orissa) and also SER (part of which is in Orissa), both ECOR and Orissa have been grossly neglected. This is true about the past; what about the future?

(7) From

Mr V. N. Mathur, Member (Traffic) of the Railway Board is reported to have said:


“We’ve submitted to the Planning Commission a Rs 251,000-crore proposal for implementation by the end of the Eleventh Plan. We’ve indicated mobilisation of Rs 90,000 crore from within and 29 per cent of the projected estimate by way of market borrowing. For the balance, we may have to approach the government for support. But then nothing has yet been finalised.”


 (8) Many expensive and highflying plans by Indian Railways for the 11th plan, but most bypass Orissa and ECOR.


(8A) Freight Corridor: Various news reports suggest that the 11th plan (next 5-7 years) will take up the western and eastern corridors.


Western Corridor: 1,483-km Delhi-Mumbai route

Eastern Corridor: 1,280-km Delhi-Kolkata route reports that the “Chennai-Kolkata and Chennai-Mumbai corridors will be included in the second phase of the Dedicated Freight Corridor Project.” 

(8B) High Speed Corridors:

“Delhi-Chandigarh-Amritsar, Mumbai-Baroda-Ahmedabad, Chennai-Bangalore-Coimbatore and Howrah-Asansol-Patna — were announced in the current rail budget.”


(8C) Metro Rails and rapid transit systems: From   and


The following are the existing or under construction/expansion metro rail projects.

  • Delhi Metro
  • Hyderabad Metro
  • Kolkata Metro
  • Kolkata Suburban Railway
  • Lucknow MEMU 
  • Chennai Metro
  • Mumbai Suburban Railway
  • Bangalore Metro
  • Mumbai Metro •
  • Thane Metro
  • In planning:
    • Ahmedabad Metro
    • Kochi Metro
    • Goa
    • Pune

(9) In essence revenue and profit generated in ECOR is being ploughed into other parts of India, which by itself is not wrong as Orissa is a part of India, but lets analyze who are the losers: the adivasi and backward areas of Orissa (and hence of India) who are backward partly because lack of proper connectivity, and this neglect continues to keep them backward and prevents them from catching up.

Am I making this up?

No, here are the data and following it is what planning commission teams have themselves said.


(10) The tribal population percentage of the KBK districts are as follows:
Malkangiri 58.36% (+19.96% SC), Rayagada 56.04% (+14.28% SC), Nabarangpur 55.27% (+15.09% SC), Koraput 50.67% (+13.41% SC), Nuapada 35.95% (+13.09% SC), Kalahandi 28.88% (+17.01% SC), Sonepur 22.11% (+9.5% SC), Balangir 22.06% (+15.39% SC). Two adjacent districts also have high tribal population. They are Kandhamala 51.51% (+18.21% SC) and Gajapati 47.88% (+8.77% SC).  Tirbal percentage of Mayurbhanj is 57.87% and Sundergarh is 50.74%.

(11) The literacy rates in the KBK districts are abysmally low. Malkangiri 31.26%, Nabarangpur 34.26%, Rayagada 35.61%, Koraput 36.2%, Nuapada 42.29%, Kalahandi 46.2%, Balangir 54.93%, Sonepur 64.07%. Two adjacent districts also have low literacy: Gajapati 41.73% and Kandhamala 52.95%. The state average is 63.1%.

(12) Population below the poverty line in southern Orissa (of which KBK is a part) is reported to be 89.17% of the people according to the 1999-2000 NSS data and 72% of the families according to the 1997 census.


(13) From

Table 1 provides State level data on poverty ratios during 2004-05. The lowest poverty ratio was 5.4 per cent for Jammu and Kashmir and highest poverty ratio was for Orissa (46.4 per cent). States with poverty ratio of less than 15 per cent were Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi and Andhra Pradesh. As against them, States with poverty ratio above 30 per cent were Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Orissa.

Table 1: Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line (2004-05) based on URP Consumption

% of Persons
No. of persons (in lakhs)
% of Persons
No. of Persons (in lakhs)
% of persons
No. of persons(in lakhs)
1 Jammu & Kashmir
2 Punjab
3 Himachal Pradesh
4 Goa
5 Haryana
6 Delhi
7 Kerala
8 Andhra Pradesh
9 Gujarat
10 Assam
11 Rajasthan
12 Tamil Nadu
13 West Bengal
14 Karnataka
15 All-India
16 Maharashtra
17 Uttar Pradesh
18 Madhya Pradesh
19 Uttarakhand
20 Jharkhand
21 Chattisgarh
22 Bihar
23 Orissa

Note: States have been arranged in the ascending order on the basis of combined poverty ratio in 2004-05. Poverty line: Rs 356.0 in rural areas and Rs 538.6 in urban areas (Per capita monthly expenditure).

Source: Planning Commission, Press Release, March 2007.

Five States, namely, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Orissa accounted for 166 million poor (about 55 per cent of the total poor estimated at 302 million). This shows the high concentration of poor in these five States.

(14) Planning Commission: The Planning Commission in its report comparing the development status of economic infrastructure of Orissa, especially the KBK region, vis-à-vis the country says:


"Railways have always played an important role in economic development and rapid social transformation in all parts of the globe. It is one of the key economic infrastructures. However, it is most unfortunate that in a poor and backward state like Orissa, development of rail networks has received much less attention of the Central Government in the post-independence period. There are as many as seven districts like Boudh, Kandhamal, Deogarh, Nayagarh, Kendrapara, Malkangiri and Nabarangpur out of the 30 districts of the state, which do not have any railway line passing through them. In the year 1998-99, the density of railway route length per 1000 sq. km of area in Orissa was only 15.03 km as against 42.66 km in West Bengal and 19.11 km. at all-India level”.


 (15) What we are asking with respect to KBK and adivasi areas of Orissa?


We are asking the current PM and the current planning commission to pay attention to what the planning commission report says in (15) and the data in (11)-(14).


In particular, we would like the following lines to be completed during the 11th plan.


1)     Khurda – Balangir (This brings Railways to districts of Boudha, Sonepur and Nayagarh and bring Balangir – a part of KBK- closer to the state capital. This line of 290 km, initially budgeted at 700 crores, has all the necessary studies done, and its survey was complete before May 2004. It should be targeted to be completed within the next 2-3 years.)

2)     Gunupur-Theruvali (The Orissa govt. is ready to use PPP for this. This should also be done in 2-3 years together with the broad gauge conversion of Naupada-Gunupur line)

Lanjigarh Rd – Bhawanipatna – Junagarh – Nabarangpur- Jeypore – Malkangiri – Bhadrachalam Rd in Andhra Pradesh. (The first phase of this Lanjigarh Rd – Junagarh is 56 km with an estimated cost of 120 crores. 15% of it was completed before May 2004. This should be completed immediately within 1-2 years. This line lies completely within the KBK districts and when finished will bring Railways to the districts of Nabarangpur and Malkangiri. Moreover, the Malkangiri-Bhadrachalam Rd part could go through a bit of Chhatisgrah. This line will create a shorter and alternative Ranchi-Hyderabad route and bring connectivity to an area that is currently havited by many extremist groups. Not much has been done beyond Junagarh, so this must be immediately approved and work started so that the line gets completed by the end of the 11th plan.)

Talcher – Bimlagarh (This is 154 km long and was estimated at Rs 727 crore. This will bring the tribal district of Sundergarh much closer to Orissa, connect a dangling line, and will bring passenger rail to big parts of Sundergarh. This should be completed in 3-4 years.)

Bangiriposi-Gurumahishasini and/or Buramara-Chakulia.

(These lines connect dangling lines and will bring passenger rail to big parts of the tribal district of Mayurbhanj. Not much has been done, so this must be immediately approved and work started so that the line gets completed by the end of the 11th plan.)

Badampahar-Keonjhar (This line also  connecst dangling lines and will bring passenger rail to big parts of the tribal district of Mayurbhanj. Not much has been done, so this must be immediately approved and work started so that the line gets completed by the end of the 11th plan.)

(16) Impact of just 1-3 in (16) above.
  1. Parlakhemundi, the district headquarter of Gajapati (part of KBK+) will be on Broad gauge rail and will be 305 kms from Bhubaneswar (the state capital).
  2. Sonepur, the district HQ of Sonepur district will be on connected by rail and will be 259 kms from Bhubaneswar (the state capital).
  3. Boudh, the district HQ of Boudha district will be connected by Rail and will be 217 kms from Bhubaneswar (the state capital).
  4. Nayagarha, the district HQ of Nayagarha district will be connected by Rail and will be 84 kms from Bhubaneswar (the state capital).
  5. Bhawanipatna, the district HQ of Kalahandi district (part of KBK) will be connected by Rail and will be 450 kms from Bhubaneswar via Balangir and 504 kms from Bhubaneswar (the state capital) via Gunupur.
  6. Malkangiri, the district HQ of Malkangiri district (part of KBK) will  be connected by Rail.
  7. Nabrangpur, the district HQ of Nabrangpur district (part of KBK) will be connected by Rail.
  8. Balangir, the district HQ of Balangir district will now be 309 kms from Bhubaneswar instead of the earlier 397 kms.
  9. Nawapara Rd, near the district HQ of Nawapara district will now be 459 kms from Bhubaneswar instead of the earlier 547 kms.
  10. Rayagada, the district HQ of Rayagada district will now be 419 kms from Bhubaneswar instead of the earlier 502 kms.
  11. Koraput, the district HQ of Koraput district will now be 573 kms from Bhubaneswar instead of the earlier 676 kms.
  12. Titlagarh, a major junction will now be 373 kms from Bhubaneswar instead of the earlier 461 kms.
  13. There will be an alternate shorter path from Ranchi to Hyderabad via Titlagarh-Bhawanipatna-Nabrangpur-Jeypore-Malkangiri-Bhadrachalam Rd

(17) Is the Indian railway under the UPA government neglecting Orissa than the previous government?

Yes. Here is why?

(18) In the 2004 railway budget given at (items 35,37) the then Railway Minister Nitish Kumar had proposed the Remote Area Rail Sampark Yojana which aimed to complete lines like Khurda-Balangir within the next 5 years. This has been completely sidelined by the UPA government. This is what he said.


(18 A) Following is the exact wording, in items 35 and 37 of the 2004 Railway budget.

    * 35. Railways have a large shelf of over 230 projects worth about Rs. 43,000 cr, for construction of New Lines, Gauge Conversion, Doubling, Electrification and Metropolitan Transport Projects. Even with the enhanced budgetary support, non-budgetary initiatives under National Rail Vikas Yojana and other cost sharing mechanisms apart from Defence funding of some projects of strategic importance, there will still be projects valuing Rs. 20,000 cr which would remain unfinished even after the next five years. A large number of these have been sanctioned on socio economic considerations with the intention of connecting remote and backward areas with the rail network. However their progress is very slow on account of inadequate funding, which causes dissatisfaction. Connecting these areas with the rail network will facilitate the economic and social development of these areas and will provide major employment opportunities during construction and thereafter. Keeping these factors in mind, it has been decided to speed up the execution and completion of these projects also in the next five years. I am happy to inform the House that this would be done through an ambitious ‘Remote Area Rail Sampark Yojana’, with an additional outlay of Rs. 20,000 crore.

    * 37. This decision to accelerate the completion of all projects in five years is expected, on a broad estimate, to provide yearly employment to about 3 lakh persons during the construction period. Once opened for traffic, these lines would also require about 18000 persons per year for normal maintenance and operations, on incremental basis. Apart from this, it is expected that there will be scope for indirect employment of nearly 55000 persons per year. The ‘Remote Area Rail Sampark Yojana’ will go a long way in changing the economic and social scenario of the remote and backward regions of the country and bringing the people of these areas into the mainstream. Further, the demand for steel, cement, rolling stock, fittings, components, plant and machinery will also be generated, boosting the economic growth of the entire country.


(18 B) World Bank:
June 2006 report (page 70 above Table A8)

The second project envisaged by the railways was announced in the interim Budget of 2004- 05 and is called Remote Area Rail Sampark Yojana (RARSY). This involves executing and completing hitherto sanctioned projects related to connecting remote and backward areas with the rail network till 2010. The total investments in these projects is valued at Rs.200 billion. Presumably this is to be entirely funded by budget


(18 C)
Railway Standing Committee Report 2005-06

Page 19:

To bridge this gap and considering the slow progress, projects especially in backward, underdeveloped and remote areas due to constraint of resources, Government had announced "Remote Area Rail Sampark Yojana" (RARSY) in the Interim Budget 2004-05 which envisages investment of about Rs.20,000 crore in a period of 5 years on ongoing projects taken up on socio-economic considerations. However, the funds for the Yojana are yet to be tied up. Government in has attached priority to  infrastructure development. Keeping this commitment in view, a proposal has  been mooted for creation of Remote Area Rail Infrastructure Fund for financing the RARSY. If the Government approves the funding of this Yojana, all the ongoing projects will get completed in five years. The yojana is being processed in consultation with the Ministry of Finance for approval of the Government duly identifying the funding sources. A note in this regard is under process in the Ministry for consideration of Government.

3.10 Giving the details of the new initiatives to address the foregoing funds constraints, the Chairman, Railway Board stated as under:-
"Over the last few years, certain initiatives have been taken to see how we will fund over projects so that the pace of adding new lines, gauge conversion and doubling speeds up. We have introduced funding through defence for strategic lines. We have got some of the projects declared as the national projects where the funding is given directly by the Government. We have also initiated private participation in some cases, we have also
launched the Rail Vikas Nigam Limited which is generating funds through various sources including the market borrowing. Our need was to generate about Rs.47,000 crore to take care of the projects on the shelf. Out of this, we found that we can generate about Rs.12,500 crore or so out of the normal Budgetary support as per the past trends. We would be generating about Rs.18,000 crore due to the new initiatives that have been taken in the past few years. It still leaves us a gap of about Rs.17,000 crore to take care of
the projects which are by and large non-remunerative projects but they are on the shelf. These are the projects which are connecting distant areas, backward areas. They were sanctioned on socio-economic considerations and so many other considerations. Even for the sum of Rs.17,000 crore, which is our requirement, in the year 2004, in the Interim Budget, a scheme of Remote Area Rail Sampark Yojana was introduced. We are yet to finsalise the funding pattern under this scheme. The effort is to involve the State Government’s participation into this scheme as also through other means.
We are yet to give it a final shape."

3.11 In response to the concern of the Committee as to why the completion targets of the projects are not being fixed, the Chairman, Railway Board stated as under:-

"most of these projects will not be completed in the next few years. In fact, the projects where target has not been given is because normally we give targets for projects which are going to be over in the next two to three years.  But where it is going to be a distant period and where we do not know as to how much funds would be allocated for these projects, we do not give targets for those projects. So, wherever targets are given these are the projects which will take more than two to three years to get completed depending on how much funds are given. On our part, we have tried to revive the CapitalFund to see that we can put in more money.

Page 22: Talks about National Projects

3.12 In the absence of adequate internal generation of revenues by the Railways,
the following projects has been declared by the Government as the national Projects in the National interest. The funding for these projects are ensured by the Central Exchequer in the form of additional Budgetary Support to the Railways.


(18 D) Summing up this point:


In summary, based on earlier planning commission report as excerpted in (14) the 2004 Rail budget had the scheme RARSY which would have completed KBK connectivity lines like Khurda-Blangir. But the UPA government has buried that plan and has talked about burdening the state government for these lines, which since they can not afford, basically means abandoning these lines. This approach needs to be reversed and while India and Indian Railway marches ahead it must not forget the backward and adivasi areas of India and Orissa; especially when it makes money from transporting freight (minerals) from these areas.

(19) What are we asking overall?

We want Indian government, currently ruled by UPA, and Indian Railways under the UPA government to be fair to Orissa and ECOR. We want SER to be fair to the parts of Orissa that is covered by SER. We now describe what these entails.


(19.1) Since Indian Railways has submitted a proposal of 251,000 crores for the 11th Five year plan. We ask that based on ECOR’s 7% revenue and almost 10% profits at least 7% of the budget which is 0.07 X 251,000 =    17,570 crores must be spent in ECOR.


Similarly, the appropriate amount to be spent in SER must be calculated, and Orissa must get its fair share for the SER part of Indian Railways that passes through Orissa. This must be calculated transparently as SER often neglects Orissa.


(19.2) The above should easily cover the lines that connect KBK and adivasi areas of Orissa. We earlier mentioned this in (16), but let us repeat it for emphasis. (THIS IS OUR HIGHEST PRIORITY.)


1)     Khurda – Balangir 

2)     Gunupur-Theruvali

3)     Lanjigarh Rd – Bhawanipatna – Junagarh – Nabarangpur- Jeypore – Malkangiri – Bhadrachalam Rd (Andhra Pradesh)

4)     Talcher – Bimlagarh

5)     Bangiriposi -Gurumahishasini and/or Buramara-Chakulia.

6)     Badampahar-Keonjhar


(19.3) Port, Industry and Mine connectivity: For these Orissa government can find supporting resources and plans to share the cost via PPP vehicles.


1)     Bhadrakh-Dhamara port

2)     Connectivity to Gopalpur Port

3)     Haridaspur-Paradip port

4)     Talcher-Sukinda (mines)


(19.4) Commuter rail around Bhubaneswar and appropriate facilities for the commuters


The Bhubaneswar area commuter railway consisting of the following segments need to be operationalized with MEMUs and appropriate stations in the Bhubaneswar area to help the commuters without creating jams.


Bhubaneswar-Khurda Rd – Puri – Vedanta U – Konark (Past Puri would be new)

Bhubaneswar – Barang – Naraj-Dhenkanal (exists)

Bhubaneswar-KhurdaRd – Khurda-Nayagarh (part of Khurda-Balangir)

Bhubaneswar-Cuttack-Paradeep (exists)

Bhubaneswar-Khurda Rd – Balugaon-Berhampur (exists)

Bhubaneswar-Cuttack-Jajpur Rd-Bhadrakh (exists)

Bhubaneswar-Naraj-Salagaon (exists)

Bhubaneswar-Khurda Rd – Khurda-Naraj (Khurda-Naraj will be new and make it a loop)


(19.5) While the above are finished during the 11th plan, we will patiently wait for the 12th plan

  • for the 2nd phase of freight corridor involving Howrah-Chennai that will pass through Orissa;
  • for high speed rail between Howrah-Bhubaneswar-Visakhapatnam, Visakhapatnam-Hyderabad, and Visakhapatnam-Chennai;
  • for a metro rail for greater Bhubaneswar; and
  • additional lines such as Jaleshwar-Digha, Berhampur-Phulbani, Bargarh-Nawapara Road and Talcher-Berhampur.


Not much land available in Paradip: Industries eye Kendrapada district and Ersama

INDUSTRY and INFRASTRUCTURE, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapada Comments Off on Not much land available in Paradip: Industries eye Kendrapada district and Ersama

Following is Samaja’s report on this.

IT in Agriculture: a Samaja article

AGRICULTURE & FARMING Comments Off on IT in Agriculture: a Samaja article


Fish farming is lucrative: a Samaja article

Fishery Comments Off on Fish farming is lucrative: a Samaja article


What korean newspapers say about POSCO and Orissa/India

Coal, Iron Ore, Jagatsinghpur, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Ports and waterways, POSCO, Steel Comments Off on What korean newspapers say about POSCO and Orissa/India

Following are excerpts from a report in

… After a rough start, POSCO is expected to finally have a site allocated for a planned steel mill in India, while an investment in a new Vietnam steel mill is likely to move ahead in October.

According to POSCO on Wednesday, the Indian government recently made it known that they plan to determine whether to give environmental clearance for the 4,004 acre site in Paradip in the province of Orissa.

Some 3,566 acres or 89.1 percent of the site of the planned one-stop steel system belongs to the government. Of that, 3,097 acres (86.9 percent) is forest land. For now, POSCO has only secured 193 acres (4.8 percent).

A POSCO official said, "The final decision has not yet been made, but we heard that the site might be released from the forest zone soon. The state-owned land accounts for nearly 90 percent of our site. In other words, if the area is released from the forest zone, the biggest obstacle to our effort to secure the site disappears."

Backward regions grant fund allocations to date

BRGF: Backward districts program, KBK Plus district cluster, RESOURCE MOBILIZATION & BUDGETS Comments Off on Backward regions grant fund allocations to date

Following is from a PIB release.

The Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme(BRGF) was approved in the financial year 2006-07.  The Programme has three components, namely, Special Plan for Bihar, Special Plan for the KBK districts of Orissa and the district component covered by the Backward Districts Initiative of the Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana(RSVY) subsumed into the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme from 2006-07. Special plans for Bihar and the KBK districts of Orissa are handled by the Planning Commission. The allocation under the district component of BRGF consists of two funding windows (a) funds for capacity building of Panchayati Raj Institutions and (b) an untied developmental grant.  According to the extant policy, the districts covered under the Rashtriya Vikas Yojana must complete their allocation of Rs. 45 crore per district under the earlier programme before these shift to the BRGF mode of funding. A statement showing the funds released under these three components, State wise from 2005-06 onwards is annexed.

Release of Funds under BRGF Programme

A.        Special Plans for Bihar and KBK districts of Orissa.

                                                 (Rs. in crore)





I. Special Plan for Bihar




II. Special Plan for the KBK district of Orissa




B.      Backward Districts Initiative- Release of Funds to RSVY districts

Sl. No.


Amount released in 2005-06 (Rs. in crore)

Amount  released in 2006-07 (Rs. in crore)

Amount  released in 2007-08 (Rs. in crore)


Andhra Pradesh





Arunachal Pradesh






























Himachal Pradesh





Jammu & Kashmir




















Madhya Pradesh


















































Tamil Nadu










Uttar Pradesh










West Bengal













This information was given by Shri Mani Shankar Aiyar, Minister of Panchayati Raj, Youth Affairs & Sports and DoNER in the Lok Sabha today in a written reply to a question by Shri Arjun Sethi.


Six laning of National Highways

Balasore, Baripada-Balasore-Kirtania, Bhadrakh, Bhadrakh-Balasore, Bhubaneswar-Berhampur, Bhubaneswar-Cuttack- Kalinganagar, Cuttack, Ganjam, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur, Kalinganagar- Chandikhol- Paradip, Khordha, Mayurbhanj, Roads, highways and Bus stands Comments Off on Six laning of National Highways

Following is from a PIB release.

Six laning of 6,500 km of National Highways comprising 5,700 km of Golden      Quadrilateral and 800 km of other sections on Build, Operate and Transfer (BOT) basis following, Design, Build, Finance and Operate (DBFO) pattern has been approved at an estimated cost of Rs.41, 210 crore under National Highways Development Project (NHDP) Phase-V, scheduled for completion by December 2012. List of sections of National Highways in different states is given below:





(a) Golden Quadrilateral

Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Jharkhand


(b) Other Sections


(i) Panipat-Jalandhar

Haryana & Punjab


(ii) Delhi-Hapur-Moradabad

Delhi & Uttar Pradesh


(iii) Samkhiali-Gandhidham



(iv) Indore-Dewas

Madhya Pradesh


(v) Agra-Gwalior

Uttar Pradesh & Madhya Pradesh


(vi) Chandikhol-Paradip



(vii) Ludiana-Chandigarh



This information was given  by the Minister of State for  Shipping, Road Transport and Highways, Shri K.H. Muniyappa in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.

New Coal reserves

Angul, Anugul- Talcher - Saranga- Nalconagar, Coal Comments Off on New Coal reserves

Following is from a PIB.

The Minister of State for Coal Dr. Dasari Narayana Rao informed the Lok Sabha in a written reply today that the exploration activity has established additional resources during Xth Plan period in several coalfields including Orissa and West Bengal. Giving details, he said during the period January, 2006 to March, 2007, 4080 million tonnes of new coal resources have been estimated in the country. As a result the inventory of Geological Resources of Coal in India, prepared by Geological Survey of India (GSI) has increased by 4080 mt as indicated below:

Data of Estimation

Total estimated geological resources of coal in India (in million Tonnes)

As on 1.4.07


As on 1.1.2006


Addition of coal resources from 1.1.06 to 1.4.07



Dr. Rao further informed that out of the total addition of coal resources mentioned above 520 million tonnes have been estimated in the state of West Bengal and 1234 million tonnes in the state of Orissa.

The state-wise and coalfield-wise details of estimation of additional coal resources in blocks where exploration has been concluded during the period from January, 2006 to March, 2007 are given as under:-




New coal resources

Estimated (in million Tonnes)

West Bengal







West Bokora



North Karnpura


Madhya Pradesh







Wardha Valley






Nand Bander





Andhra Pradesh

Godavari  Valley



Rangit Valley




The Minister added that based on the potential of the blocks revealed from regional exploration data the detailed exploration is under process in different blocks/areas.

Indian Railways PIB on world class stations

Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Khordha, Railways Comments Off on Indian Railways PIB on world class stations

Following is from a PIB.

The Ministry of Railways has decided to constitute a Core Group for monitoring of Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects related to development of World Class Railway Stations including New Delhi Railway Station. The Committee will set up clear timeframe for each of the 22 railway stations, which will be upgraded to world-class stations. The Group will take stock of the progress and also devise a format for compiling a monthly progress report. The move will give further flip to the modernization activities aimed at improving passenger amenities.

The Group will review and strengthen other related departments of Railway Board to enable them to deliver results as per the targets laid down for PPP projects. The Group will also formulate a list of preparatory activities to be completed by the Zonal Railways before any station is taken up for developing as a world class and this would include the dedicated organizational set-up that needs to be created with in the Zonal Railways for this purpose.

Earlier, in a move to make Indian Railways world’s number one Railway network, the Committee on Infrastructure approved the proposal for completing the first phase of modernization of the New Delhi railway station into a world-class station through Public Private Partnership before the Commonwealth Games, 2010. In addition to New Delhi, the other stations would be developed as world class stations are: Agra, Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Anand Vihar, Bangalore, Bhopal, Bhubaneshwar, Bijwasan, Chandigarh, Chennai, Mumbai CST, Howrah, Jaipur, Lucknow, Mathura, Patna, Pune, Secunderabad, Thiruvananthapuram, Varanasi and Gaya.

The Core Group will consist of high-ranking officials of Railway Board. These are; Member (Engineering), Additional Member (Commercial), Adviser (Infrastructure) and Adviser (Finance). Adviser (Land and Amenities) will function as the Convener of the Committee.

KK Birla group interested in a thermal power plant

Bhubaneswar-Dhenkanal- Anugul, Birlas, Coal, Dhenkanal, Thermal Comments Off on KK Birla group interested in a thermal power plant

Following are excerpts from a Telegraph report.

Chambal Infrastructure Ventures Limited — of the KK Birla group — today expressed interest in setting up a 2,000MW thermal power plant at an estimated cost of Rs 9,000 crore.

H.S. Bawa, the managing director of Zuari Industries and senior vice-president of Chambal Fertiliser and Chemicals Limited, made a presentation before chief minister Naveen Patnaik this evening regarding the matter. Bawa expressed the multinational’s interest in the project.

In fact, the firm has already applied for 2,000 acre near Siaria in Dhenkanal.

… It had also offered to set up a thermal power plant in a joint venture with PSUs.

The proposal’s appraisal would be made by the state-run Industrial Promotion and Investment Limited, which is a nodal agency for industrial projects.

In turn the agency examines projects before they are referred to a single window clearance committee, which is headed by the chief minister himself.

Meanwhile, the company has applied to the coal ministry for blocks. It has also applied to the water resources department to seek permission to use river water for plants.

If the proposal is cleared by the government, Chambal Infrastructure Venture Limited will be the 14th company to sign an MoU with Orissa government to set up a thermal power plant in Orissa.

Already 13 power companies have signed MoUs for setting up plants with a total capacity of 16,000MW and for am investment of Rs 70,000 crore.

Many have already acquired land and obtained environment clearance, as well as, permission for industrial water use.

Two to three firms have also been allotted coal blocks, Patro added.

Construction of power plants proposed to be set up by Vedanta Power Limited has already started in Jharsuguda.

Mall and a housing project in Berhampur

Berhampur- Gopalpur- Chhatrapur, Ganjam, REAL ESTATE Comments Off on Mall and a housing project in Berhampur

Following are excerpts from a Business Standard report.

Berhampur Development Authority (BDA) has signed a memorandum of understanding with Kolkata based real estate company, Forum Private Limited, for construction of a Rs 95.78 crore integrated commercial-cum-residential complex here.

The complex, which will come up under the banner of Gajapati Plaza on a 5 acre plot, will be built on the model of Public Private Partnership (PPP).

Facilities like shopping malls, hotel and entertainment arcade will be provided in the complex, said Sarat Ranjan Patnaik, chairman of BDA.

The executive committee of BDA approved the project on Wednesday and decided to send the proposal to the government for final approval.

According to the proposal, BDA will provide the land to the real estate company on 75 years lease for construction of the complex and will manage it after completion.

… Forum was selected to construct Gajapati Plaza through competitive bidding. BDA had floated tender inviting applications from the companies for construction of the proposed project. While 14 applications were received, only four were selected for pre-qualification bid. Of them only two were in the final bid and Forum was awarded the tender.

Forum, promoted by the Sarafs of Kolkata, had earlier constructed the Forum Mart in Bhubaneswar.

Sarafs were working on a project to set up a titanium dioxide plant near Chhatrapur in Ganjam district.

“The face of the Berhampur will change when the Gajapati Plaza constructed at the Corporation Road, on the side of National Highway 217 in the heart of the city comes up”, he said.

BDA has approved a proposal for construction of Vivek Vihar Phase II, residential housing project and a bypass from Gokarneswar temple to All India Radio office in Berhampur.

According to Patnaik, the housing project would cost about Rs 7.50 crore and would come up over 29 acres at Ambapua at the outskirt of the city. About 100 houses of different categories would be constructed.

The price of the houses would range between Rs 2.81 lakh and Rs 16.34 lakh depending on type.

“We decided to construct the housing project from our own fund”, he said.

BDA has decided to construct 600m by-pass from Gokarneswar temple to AIR office at a cost of Rs 1.69 crore to solve the acute traffic problem in Gate Bazar area here.

(Thanks to Deba Nayak for the pointer to this.)

Kendrapada district would like industries (steel plants) and hopes on the Barunei port development

INVESTMENTS and INVESTMENT PLANS, Kendrapada, Ports and waterways, Steel Comments Off on Kendrapada district would like industries (steel plants) and hopes on the Barunei port development

Following is Samaja’s report on this.


Aviation plan for India: Why no mention of Rourkela and Jharsuguda?

Airports and air connectivity, CENTER & ODISHA 2 Comments »

Following is from a PIB.

The Government is committed to create a network of world-class airports in the country with a view to establishing India as a global aviation hub. Measures have been taken to augment capacity as a result of which additional capacity to handle 601.05 lakh passengers per annum on the domestic sector and 301.80 lakh passengers per annum on international sector is under construction and is likely to be commissioned within the next two – three years. This information was given by Shri Praful Patel in a written reply to a question.

The Government has undertaken a number of major projects in pursuance of the above objective; to develop, expand, modernize the airports which include

  • Restructuring of Delhi and Mumbai airport, through Joint Venture Route, for upgradation and modernization, at an estimated cost of Rs. 8900 crores and Rs. 7000 crores respectively;
  • Modernizing and expansion of Kolkata and Chennai airports by the Airports Authority of India (AAI);
  • Construction of new Greenfield airports at Hyderabad and Bangalore at a cost of Rs. 2480 and Rs. 1930 crores respectively. Operation of these airports is expected to be commenced by mid 2008. Greenfield airport at Pekyong, Sikkim at an estimated cost of Rs. 320 crores has been approved. In principle approval has also been accorded to a new international airport at Navi Mumbai through Public Private Partnership (PPP). Greenfield airport is also being envisaged at Mopa (Goa);
  • Modernizing of select 35 non-metro airports at an estimated cost of about Rs. 5000 crores. The modernization process of these 35 non-metro airports is expected to be completed by March 2010. The Terminal Building and Air Side works are being undertaken by the AAI while the City Side development at selected 24 non-metro airports will be done through private sector participation;
  • Upgradation of communication, navigation and surveillance facilities;
  • AAI has spent an amount of Rs. 3535 crores for development/ expansion/modernization of airports during the 10th Five Year Plan and a provision of Rs. 12434 crores has been made by the AAI in the 11th Five Year Plan for this purpose;
  • Government is encouraging Private Participation/Investments in airport infrastructure through the Public-Private-Partnership (PPP Route) further, Government has also permitted 100% FDI, through automatic route, in Greenfield airports;
  • The airports are being constructed and developed at Vishakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh; Shimoga, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Hassan and Karwar in Karnataka, Kannur in Kerala; Chennai in Tamilnadu; Itanagar and Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh; Chiethu in Nagaland; Pekyong in Sikkim; Kokrajhar in Assam; Greater Noida, Agra in Uttar Pradesh; Ajmer (Kishangarh) and Kota in Rajasthan; Halwara in Punjab; Surankote and Kishtwar in Jammu & Kashmir; Durgapur in West Bengal; Sindhudurg, Shirdi, Chakan and Navi Mumbai in Maharashtra;
  • There are a large number of non-operational and unused airports in the country belonging to the AAI, defence, state governments and private licensees. The Government is keen to promote development of such airports and make them operational to meet the growing need of airport infrastructure in the country. The airstrips at Pant Nagar, Kamalpur, Kailash Ahar, Passighat, Tezu, Along, Daparizo, Tura and Zero are being upgraded;
  • In coordination with the State Governments, the AAI has decided to take up development works at the non-operational airports at Akola, Cooch Behar, Kuddapah, Kolhapur, Mysore, Sholapur, Warangal, Surat and Gondia – on the request of airlines and the State Governments.