Archive for the 'Bhubaneswar-Paradip' Category

Odisha initiates plans for a Capital Area Development Region

Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Berhampur, Bhubaneswar-Cuttack- Kalinganagar, Bhubaneswar-Dhenkanal- Anugul, Bhubaneswar-Nayagarh, Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Bhubaneswar-Pipli- Astaranga, Bhubaneswar-Pipli- Konark, Bhubaneswar-Puri, Choudwar-Kendrapara - Dhamara, Cuttack, Cuttack, Cuttack-Paradip, Dhenkanal, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur, Jajpur Rd- Vyasanagar- Duburi- Kalinganagar, Kalinganagar - Panikoili - Jajpur - Kendrapara, Kalinganagar- Chandikhol- Paradip, Kendrapada, Khordha, Odisha govt. action, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Puri, Puri, Puri - Konark, URBAN DEV. & RENEWAL 1 Comment »

The above is a good idea.


  • A plan over a larger area will avoid congestion and slums that are typical of densly packed areas.
  • Another big benefit will be that the term "Capital Area" will make it easier for institutions, companies and other entities to come to the gretaer area rather than coming to "Bhubaneswar". For example, many institutions that are looking for land in Bhubaneswar are hesitant to locate in Kendrapada or Jagatsinghpur; even though the political leadership is very welcoming.  But once the term "Capital Area" encompasses Kendrapada and Jagatsinghpur, these institutions will be less hesitant to come there.

So while the current Bhubaneswar and Cuttack planned areas will sever as the core urban area, the larger Capital Area development region will morph to a sub-urban area which down the road will touch the metropolitan areas around Angul in the west and Berhampur in the south.

We wrote about this in

A similar term needs to be coined for the greater Sambalpur-Jharsuguda-Rourkela area. See , and

Perhaps it can be called the "Western Odisha Development Region".

Update on Paradeep PCPIR

Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Dharitri (in Odia), Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapada, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, PCPIR, Petrochemicals 2 Comments »

Following is an excerpt from a report in

… Orissa Govt has gone  ahead to make budgetary provisions for providing basic infrastructure to attract the investors to this region. The expenditure requirement was discussed today in a high level meeting held under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary Bijaya Kumar Patnaik in the Secretariat conference hall.

It has been decided in the meeting that the Project is to  covering 284.15 Sq.Kms. in Jagatsingpur and Kendrapara Districts will be developed in two phases viz. phase-1 covering 195 Sq.kms and phase-11 covering 89 sq. kms. The Project Proposal has been approved by Govt of India. IDCO has been selected as the Nodal Agency and IOCL selected as Anchor Tenant for development of PCPIR. The estimated budget for external infrastructure has been tentatively calculated at Rs.13634 Cr. The entire expenditure has been proposed to be borne jointly by Govt of Odisha, Government of India and Public Private Partnership.

The external infrastructure includes Green Field Coastal Corridor from Astarang to Dhamara via Paradeep ( 140Kms identified under Odisha and Andhra Pradesh PCPIR), Bhubaneswar- Paradeep Corridor(73 Kms.) , other Arterial roads, Port upgradation with new facilities, water supply, Taladanda  & Kendrapara canal lining, Captive Power Plant( 2x500MW) , New sub-stations and feeder lines, rail freight stations along with additional rail sidings, Logistic hubs near Bhutmundei, proposed air port , waste water treatment system and solid waste management. Up gradation of NH-5A ( 78 kms) to 4 lane  and expansion of Cuttack –Paradeep State High Way other important proposed  road projects. The total power requirement has been estimated at 2000 MW.

The demand of water for new projects in region will be 620 MLD  in different phases. Different water treatment systems like CETP & STP have been proposed at each of the chemical parks with estimate of 431 cr. Solid waste management system has been proposed  for disposal  industrial and domestic waste at the estimated cost of 200 Cr. Concerned departments have been directed to take up feasibility assessment and prepare detail project
reports for inclusion in state budget and recommendation to Govt of India for inclusion in 12th  Five Year Plan.

Following is from Dharitri.

Capital ring road and other PPP infrastructure plans

Berhampur- Gopalpur- Chhatrapur, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Paradip, BioTech, Pharma, Cuttack, Daily Pioneer, Ganjam, Jagatsinghpur, Khordha, PPP Comments Off on Capital ring road and other PPP infrastructure plans

Following is an excerpt from a report in Pioneer.

Under the PPT mode, the State Government has decided to build a Capital Region Ring Road. A decision to this effect was taken at a meeting of the Empowered Committee on Infrastructure (ECI) chaired by the Chief Secretary Ajit Kumar Tripathy on Tuesday.

The proposed ring road will constructed with an aim to lessen pressure on the vehicular traffic movement on Bhubaneswar-Cuttack road. The road will start from Khurda and pass through Bhubaneswar via bypass and touch Nirgundi near Cuttack. The survey work for the project will commence soon.

Keeping the growing industrialisation in view, another road under PPT will be built connecting directly Bhubaneswar to Paradip. It will also help the smooth movement of traffic from Capital to Port City. ILFS will do the necessary survey work.

In order to strengthen the PPT mode, Government has constituted seven cells in different departments like Fisheries and Animal Development, Energy, Panchayat Raj and Information and Technology.

The committee approved five proposals under PPT. In a bid to develop the infrastructure of Berhampur city, Government has decided to build an integrated commercial and residential complex under the banner Gajapati Plaza. Rs 10 crore will be spent to build this project. Government will provide five acre of land for this purpose. All the modern amenities including swimming poll facilities will also be available in the complex. The project work would be entrusted to Forum Project Private Limited. Work on the project would commence in the next 15 days. The ECI also gave its nod to set up a bio-tech farm in an area of 64.86 acres of land near Andharua on the outskirt of Bhubaneswar city. A bio-tech incubation centre will be set up in another 10 acres of land in Andharua also. Five major state-of-the-art infrastructure in the form of modular laboratories, loaded wet laboratories, common equipment facilities and amenities, pilot plant facilities and training centre would be provided in the park.

These facilities in the Biotechnology Research Platform will help to multiply the number of users on free-for -use basis. Selected private developers will be allowed to operate, manage, maintain and market the park in Bio-Tech Pharma and Bio-Informatics -IT related issues.

Telegraph: Orissa in infrastructure push

Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Cuttack, INDUSTRY and INFRASTRUCTURE, Jagatsinghpur, Khordha, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, PPP, Roads, highways and Bus stands, SEZs Comments Off on Telegraph: Orissa in infrastructure push

The site has a page on PPP (private-public partnership) which contains the Orissa draft PPP policy and a list of projects in Orissa planned to be funded through PPP. Following are excerpts from a recent report in Telegraph.

The Orissa government is planning to invest Rs 125,000 crore in 36 infrastructure projects to be taken up under the private-public-partnership programme.

…Under the programme, the state government will leverage its financial resources with that of the Centre, to prepare a shelf of projects. These will be taken forward through a transparent selection process. There will also be viability gap funding, if the projects are initially loss-making.

The policy will also create Orissa Infrastructure Development Fund with a corpus of Rs 1,000 crore. Projects that are part of the programme include roads, bridges, ports and harbours, airports, airstrips, inland container depots, industrial parks, special economic zones and townships.

“We have already entered into agreements with IL&FS and PricewaterhouseCoopers, who will be the consultants for these projects. A few more will be empanelled soon,” said Parag Gupta, special secretary of the state secretariat’s public-private-partnership cell. …

Sources said IL&FS was picked as a consultant because of its joint venture with state-run Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation for the Bhubaneswar Integrated Road Network project. PwC is also a consultant for several road projects. The state has also signed an agreement with the Infrastructure Development Finance Corporation (IDFC) in this regard. IDFC is funding some projects in association with Nabard.

“Two more consultants, including Ernst and Young and another Calcutta-based firm, will be enrolled soon,” the sources said.

The empanelled agencies will help identify projects that need to be taken up, prepare pre-feasibility and detailed project reports. They will then hand the reports over to respective departments.

Some of the projects being taken up are the Capital Region Ring Road, to span 98km, and the Bhubaneswar-Paradip Road, a 90km stretch. Each of the projects will cost around Rs 700 crore. They will be executed by the state public works department.

Other projects include sector-specific infotech SEZs, which will cost around Rs 352 crore and an IT & corporate tower in Bhubaneswar to be set up for Rs 146 crore.

POSCO Status: a Financial express interview

Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Iron Ore, Jagatsinghpur, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Ports and waterways, POSCO, R & R Comments Off on POSCO Status: a Financial express interview

Financial express carried a short interview of POSCO India Chairman and MD with journalist Dilip Bisoi. This interview gives a good idea of the status of the POSCO India project. Following are some excerpts:

  • How you are going to accelerate the project’s implementation? We have chalked out a strategy to implement the project. We are preparing to start the ground preparation work by October 2007. Out of the 4,004 acre of land, 3,566 acre is government land and 438 acre is private land. Out of the private land, only 30 acre is fertile land as it yields double crops. We are willing to exclude the 30-acre fertile land from the project site. We are also willing to differ use of the 438 acre private land until the villagers were willing to sell.
  • Anti-Posco activists have set up checkpoints and are not allowing anybody to enter the site. How do you plan to enter the area and start work? It is not true that we don’t have access to the site. We do have some access to the site. Villagers in Gadakujanga grampanchayat are supporting the project, while people in Nuagoan area are starting to change their mind in favour of the project. Only a small area of Dhinkia grampanchayat is not accessible. We will shed that portion from the project site for the time being. Access to the site and starting civil work will not be difficult.
  • Have you prepared your R&R package?  We are preparing a special R&R package for the displaced people. The Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar, has been engaged in conducting a survey to understand the needs of the people. The package will be announced once it gets the approval of the Rehabilitation & Peripheral Development Authority. I promise, I will make their lives better than before. Rehabilitating 450 displaced families is not a big job. We want to provide them with a sustainable livelihood.
  • How confident you are that the project work will start by October 2007? The next two to three months are very crucial. The prospecting licence for the Khandahar iron ore mines and forest clearance for the project site are expected in the next few months. Once these issues are settled, we will go ahead with the land preparation. If everything goes according to plan, we will procure equipment for the steel plant by the second half of next year. We will shop in the Indian market before going to Asian countries like China and Vietnam. The main plant, however, will be imported from Posco in South Korea. However, starting of the peripheral work at the site by October is very essential.

POSCO related road development

Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Cuttack- Kalinganagar, Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Cuttack, Iron Ore, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapada, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Ports and waterways, POSCO, Railways, Roads, highways and Bus stands, Steel, Thermal Comments Off on POSCO related road development

Economic Times reports  road development related to POSCO’s proposed operations. Following are excerpts from that report.

… the government has decided to develop 600 km of highways, to be called Posco roads, to provide connectivity for the 12 million-tonne capacity steel plant in Orissa. The Rs 4,000-crore highway would be constructed on built-operate-transfer (BOT) model and would be completed by 2010. 

The projects are part of phase-III of the National Highways Development Programme (NHDP). The Posco package consists of seven road stretches, including Panikholi-Keonjhar-Rimoli on national highway (NH)-215 and Chandikhole-Duburi on NH-200. The Cuttack-Paradip state road, jointly funded by the Orissa government, Paradip Port Trust and the roads ministry, will also help serve the transport of goods to and from Posco’s steel plant.

“NH-215 and NH-200 will be specifically geared to carry iron-ore traffic,” the official said. “The roads will serve Orissa’s industrial requirements for upcoming projects in the state, but Posco will be the biggest beneficiary,” he added.  …

Apart from road connectivity being provided by the Centre and the state government, a special purpose vehicle (SPV) to link Haridaspur and Paradip by railways has been formed by Rail Vikas Nigam (RVNL) in which Posco has 10% equity,” a Posco spokesperson said.  …

Posco-India will also build a captive port at Jatadhari, 10 km from Paradip and a captive power plant with a capacity of 1300 mw.  …

The company will also lay pipelines for industrial water utilisation from Jobra barrage.

Paradip port aims to be number 2

Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Jagatsinghpur, Paradeep port, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Ports and waterways, Railways, Roads, highways and Bus stands 1 Comment »

Statesman has a report on Paradip port aiming to be the number two port in the country. Following are some excerpts from that report.

Armed with a Paradip business and strategy plan for the next 20 years and an action plan for the next seven years, Paradip Port has set on sail to become the No-2 port of the country. The charted course envisages investments to the tune of over Rs 3,500 crore and it aims at handling capacity of 106 million tones in five years. … The growth recorded was a phenomenal 15 per cent and the revenue surplus was around Rs 198 crore last year. All new berths being planned will be on PPA mode and the capacity which is 51 mt will be increased to 106 mt by 2011-12, said the chairman. He pointed out that by November this year, the single point mooring will be commissioned adding 15 mt handling capacity. This is a IOC project with a berth floating 20 km offshore and pipelines which are already in place. … Maritime trade is on the upswing and each port has set high targets but the uniqueness of Paradip is that it has handled 38.4 mt with only bulk cargo. Despite limitations of being a bulk port with 14 berths and a limitation of 12.6 metre in terms of depth of the channel, the port has handled such huge quantities. … There are plans and projects to deepen the channel upto 16 meters to accommodate 125,000 tonners. Presently, it can accommodate 75,000 tonners. The project entails investment of Rs 253 crore and is scheduled to be completed by August 2008. Simultaneously, enhancement of draught at the existing dock system from 12.5 to 14 metres has also been planned for completion by March 2008. … The port plans creation of southern dock system with an investment of Rs 530 crore and four berths. This is targeted for commercial operation by March 2012. The approaches and connectivity have also been planned in a futuristic manner with enhancement of rail connectivity Haridaspur-Paradip line slated to be over by March 2009, four-laning of Chandikhole to Paradip road by March 2008. Even relocation of the existing township has been proposed keeping in view the raid development of the port activities.

POSCO-INDIA’s brochure highlighting the NCAER study

Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Jagatsinghpur, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Ports and waterways, POSCO, Railways, Roads, highways and Bus stands, Steel Comments Off on POSCO-INDIA’s brochure highlighting the NCAER study

I came across several leaflets and brochures in POSCO-INDIA’s Press room pages. Following is the brochure that highlights the NCAER study that I mentioned earlier.

Economic Effects of POSCO-India : A study by NCAER

Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Budget, State, INDUSTRY and INFRASTRUCTURE, INVESTMENTS and INVESTMENT PLANS, Iron Ore, Jagatsinghpur, MINES and MINERALS, Mining royalty, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, POSCO, PPP, SEZs, Steel, Taxes 1 Comment »

I came across a 1-page note someone from POSCO-India gave me when I was visiting Bhubaneswar in December 2006-Jan 2007. The 1-page note summarizes a study done by NCAER. The study has also been reported in News media such as Hindu Businessline. (POSCO-India in its web page has additional links.) We will give some excerpts from the Hindu Businessline report.

The 1-page note: POSCO-India’s rs 52,810 Cr investment by 2016 will stimulate Orissa Economy.

  • Economic Benefit:
    • Generate Rs 29,760 crores additional annual gross output for Orissa including Rs 12,610 Crore of POSCO-India’s direct gross output.
    • Create excess annual value addition of Rs. 12,100 crores for Orissa which equals 19% of Orissa’s state GDP in 2005-06 (equals 11.5% in 2016-17)
  • Employment:
    • Job creation of 870,000 man years, absorbs 88% of state unemployment backlog (i.e., decrease in backlog of employment from 9.9 lakhs in 2005-06 to 1.2 lakhs).
    • 18,000 man years of direct employment in POSCO-India.
  • Tax Contribution:
    • POSCO-India annual tax contribution (Rs 2,620 Crores) would be appx. 17.6% of total tax revenue of Govt. of Orissa in 2016-17.
    • POSCO-India SEZ would contribute Rs 174,970 crore tax revenue in next 35 years.
      • Rs 77,870 crores would be to Govt. of Orissa and Rs 97,100 crores to Govt. of India.
      • The differences of tax between SEZ and DTA status is less than 8% for Govt. of Orissa and 5% for Govt. of India.
  • Comparison with current Orissa Economy:
    • Orissa in 2003-04:
      • Gross Output: 111,378 crores
      • State GDP: 53,830 crores
      • Employment: 143 lakhs (2001 census)
      • Tax: 8170 crores (2005-06)
    • POSCO-India’s impact:
      • Gross Output: 29,760 crores
      • State GDP: 12,100 crores
      • Employment: 8.7 lakhs
      • Tax: 2620 crores

We now give some excerpts from the Hindu Business line article of January 2007 which partly explains how some of the above numbers were calculated. That article was written by R. Venkatesan who works for NCAER, but the article was his personal view.

The NCAER study broadly used the ADB/World Bank methodology on the social cost-benefit with minor adjustments for the local parameters. Econometric models were used to project border prices for the useful life of the project. The project’s impact from the State economy perspective — in terms of the impact on the State GDP (output multiplier effects) and employment opportunities created within the State (employment multiplier effects) was also assessed.

The output multiplier for iron ore was found to be 1.4 compared to 2.36 for steel. In other words, every Rs 1 lakh worth of output in the iron ore sector would result in Rs 1.4 lakh of output (including the Rs 1 lakh output of iron ore) compared to Rs 2.36 lakh for every Rs 1 lakh output of steel. The employment multipliers for iron ore and steel work out to 0.35 and 0.69 man-years respectively. Therefore, in terms of both output and employment, steel has a larger impact.

These multipliers imply that the Posco project would create an additional employment of 50,000 person years annually for the next 30 years vis-à-vis 870,000 person years in the steel project alternative. In terms of value addition, the iron ore and steel project alternatives would contribute 1.3 per cent and 11.5 per cent to Orissa’s State Gross Domestic Product (or SGDP) by 2016-17 respectively.

An important part of the study was the Least Cost Analysis of technology options in the steel-making, the Finex process that Posco purports to bring and the traditional blast-furnace technology. The Average Incremental Economic Cost was used as the yardstick; this was followed by computing the economic IRR (internal rate of return)
to examine whether the project was economically worthwhile from the national economy point of view.

The EIRR for the Orissa project works out to 16.6 per cent for base case and even in the worst case scenario, the EIRR at 13.9 per cent would remain above the hurdle rate of 12 per cent. The economic impact of the project was estimated at $2.5 billion at the test discount rate of 12 per cent.

The significant feature of the study was the estimation of depletion premium or the opportunity cost for depleteable and non-renewable resource iron ore for reasons cited below:

India’s high-grade ore (+ 65 per cent Fe content — Haematite) reserves, proven and probable, amount to only 0.58 billion tonnes. And even if we were to factor in indicative and inferred reserves (probable/feasible), the total reserves (proven and possibly future potential) would be only 0.92 billion tonnes.

India’s medium-grade ore (+62 per cent Fe to 65 per cent Fe — Haematite) reserves, proven and probable, is only 1.3 billion tonnes. Here too, if we factor in indicative and inferred (probable/feasible and pre-feasibility estimated) reserves, the total reserves (proven and possibly future potential) will be only 2.8 billion tonnes.

Policy Implications

Orissa stands to gain significantly if instead of exporting iron ore it processes it to steel within the State, in terms of both employment generation (17 times), and GDP impact (9 times).

India’s high and medium grade iron ore reserves may not last more than 19 years even if exports of these grades are frozen at the current level or if the targets set out in the draft steel policy are to be met. The economic analysis considered the depletion premium for high and medium grade iron ore. This is the opportunity cost to the national economy of using the depletable resource, which is the average incremental cost of depletion premiums computed year-wise.

Any exporter of iron ore of medium and high grades from the State needs to pay a depletion premium of $27 per tonne. Even this would be a sub-optimal policy from the State’s viewpoint if it can process the medium and high grade ore to steel. No such depletion premium has been applied for coking coal as its price did not exhibit any
trend before the recent steep price hike.

For the eastern States seeking to raise the mineral sector’s share in their GDP, it may be a good idea to set up processing facilities. It would not be advisable to allocate iron ore mines through open bids or accept increased royalty payments, even accounting for the depletion premium, compared to the option of processing iron ore to steel. Future cost-competitiveness and logistical advantage imply that iron ore-rich States can compete with existing over-capacities in the US, Europe and Japan even after factoring in the capital charges for new investments.

Export of iron ore needs to be restricted to grades other than medium and high-grade ore categories; for instance, export of beneficiated ore from Goa using inland waterways logistics advantages could be encouraged. Allowing exports of high grade ore would facilitate export of steel from existing over-capacities in the US, Europe and Japan to East Asia at the expense of future steel exports from new Indian steel capacities which are likely to enjoy cost-competitiveness over existing over-capacities elsewhere.

I am not qualified to judge the above analysis. I would appreciate any comments, analysis, criticisms etc. on the above.

Land prices and R & R: exploiting poor people? government incompetence? etc.

Bhubaneswar-Paradip, INDUSTRY and INFRASTRUCTURE, INVESTMENTS and INVESTMENT PLANS, Jagatsinghpur, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, R & R Comments Off on Land prices and R & R: exploiting poor people? government incompetence? etc.

Often many well-meaning people read about a particular R & R package for one location in one state and then compare it with R & R package and/or land prices offered in another state, in our case Orissa, and start making wild allegations that the Orissa government is incompetent in getting a good deal for its people or the company or foundation that wants to set up something is evil etc. etc. To make the obvious point, obvious to anyone who thinks rather than is driven by his/her preconceived ideology, that land prices vary across different locations in India, following are some data points.

(i) Hindu and Pioneer report about the Brahmani steel plant coming up in Jammalamadugu in Andhra Pradesh. There the Andhra Pradesh government has procured land at Rs 18,500 per acre for the steel plant which will need 10,640 acres. The government has also promised allotment of 3000-4000 acres for an airport at the price of Rs 9,000 per acre. The exact quotes from Pioneer are as follows.

The plant, to come up on an area of 10,640 acres, will be the second biggest plant after the Visakhapatnam steel plant making Andhra Pradesh the biggest steel producing State in the country. …

The Chief Minister denied any favouritism in providing land to the project and said that prices higher than market price was paid for the land. “The land has been purchased at the rate of Rs 18,500 per acre which is the highest in the district,” he said.

The quote from Hindu is as follows:

Announcing that BIL Managing Director Janardhana Reddy, an MLC in Karnataka, had agreed to construct a commercial airport nearby, he promised allotment of 3,000 to 4,000 acres of land at Rs. 9,000 per acre, half the price charged for land given to the steel plant.

(ii) On the other end of the spectrum following is an excerpt from Moneycontrol on land prices and compensation offered for land in Dankuni near Kolkata.

Construction giant DLF has offered to pay a whopping 55 lakh rupees an acre for acquiring close to 5,000 acres near Kolkata.

Never before has any company paid so much. Even the government paid up to 14 lakh rupees an acre in Singur, which is 20 kilometers away. DLF proposes to build an integrated township and a 100-acre SEZ. And the rehabilitation package it has promised, is awesome – guaranteed employment, alternative housing, education and even healthcare facilities for displaced farmers.

So what is our point? and Why is it relevant to Orissa’s growth and infrastructure development?

There are several land acquisitions going on in Orissa with respect to industries (POSCO, Tatas etc.), for Vedanta University, for various rail and road projects, etc. So when you come across a price or compensation package in another state and it does not gel with some other packages in Orissa that you have read about, please investigate more before getting all riled up and accusing the Orissa govt., its ministers, its bureaucrats, or the companies. They may as well be at fault, but please do research before deciding on it and shooting off emails or postings, as the above data points make it clear that land prices vary quite a lot among different locations in India.

Another point we want to make is that, Orissa has to balance between getting the best deal for its people (beyond the market price) and losing the project to another state. Again, the data point shows that there are other states who can offer very cheap land price and if Orissa asks too much (beyond the market price) then there is a real risk of losing the project. In case of steel and aluminium project, losing the project and consequently delaying in allotting certain mines may also mean that the mines may be allocated by the central govt to out of state companies. As a result Orissa will lose out on the value addition and on the infrastructure (such as roads, railway links, ports, townships, etc.) that are associated with large steel and aluminum plants.

A suggested approach to get the best deal for people (beyond the market price) losing their land is to have a central R & R policy that every state must follow, so that they don’t compete on the basis of who can offer the cheapest (relative to the market price of that particular location) land price and R & R. This can also be achieved if the relevant states (Orissa, Chhatisgrah, Jharkhand, etc.) agree on a common policy. (Sandip Dasverma, a friend, has often mentioned the later.)

[Acknowledgments: Deba Nayak of ornet for pointing to the Pioneer article in ornet. Participants of Orissa Today google group for engaging in multiple debates on this issue.]

30 Infrastructure projects with PPP funding in Orissa

Angul, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Dhenkanal, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur, Jharsuguda-Sambalpur- Bargarh, Khordha, PPP, Railways, Rayagada, Roads, highways and Bus stands, Rourkela-Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, SEZs, Sundergarh 3 Comments »

Business Standard in an article in April listed several infrastructure related projects that Orissa is planning using PPP. Following are excerpts from that article.

… the Orissa government has lined up 18 new projects in the Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode entailing an investment of over Rs 6000 crore.

Of the 18 projects, 12, mostly large and medium, have already been consolidated with investments of Rs 3500 crore.

Another six projects, fairly bigger in respect to the previous ones, are under active consideration and would cover an investment of around Rs 2500 crore, according to government sources.

Source said, till date, an around Rs 5300 crore investments have already been lined up and are under implementation in the PPP module in 12 odd projects across the state.

In all the Orissa government plans to develop 30 odd projects in different sectors in the PPP module over the next two years covering an investment of over Rs 11,300 crore. …

The PPP modules currently under implementation and those under consideration cover a wide range of activities starting from port cuilding, railway line construction, road development and erection of urban clusters. …

The new projects being considered under the PPP module included development of road links in the Capital Region Ring Road, the Bhubaneswar-Paradip Road, the Suakati-Dubuna Road and the Tensa-Barsuan-Lahunipada Road.

These would entail a primary investment of Rs 1547 crore for the development of 279 kilometres of road, including a four-laning of the first one.

Other than this there would World Bank identified projects where four laning would be done of the Sambalpur-Rourkela road from the existing two-lane road.

The long pending Joda-Bamebari Road and Koira-Rajamunda Road covering 229 kilometres would also be taken up.

The PPP module would be used for two vital rail links. The first was the Angul-Duburi-Sukinda rail link and the second the Gunupur-Theruvali link. In both cases, the Special Purpose Vehicle ( SPV) route was being proposed. The investment for the rail links was estimated to be in the region of Rs 570 crore. The Angul-Sukinda rail link would be of 90 kilometres and the Gunupur-Theruvali link would be 79 kilometres.

PPP’s for setting up Bio-tech parks, SEZ for IT/ITES companies and integrated commercial and residential complex, an enclave at Shahidnagar are were also part of the city building endeavour of the Orissa government.

This apart, a commercial shopping complex and an A.C.Market complex at Unit IV are also being contemplated in the PPP mode as part of city development plan.

Till date, investment for the SEZ for IT/ITES companies had been identified and were estimated to be in the region of Rs 35.67 crore. As for the other residential and commercial complexes, project details and cost were being worked out on a war footing.

Coupled with these, a multi-product SEZ at Paradeep had been suggested by the government for development using the PPP route. It was expected to entail an investment of Rs 712 crore.

Land of around 1093 hectares would be needed for the SEZ in the Marshagahi Tehsil of Kendrapara under Paradeep.

This article is probably based on a presentation available from the Orissa govt. website. That file seems to be corrupt but its google cache shows part of the information.

Cabana group announces a hotel and a management institute

Berhampur- Gopalpur- Chhatrapur, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Berhampur, Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Ganjam, Hotels and resorts, HRD-n-EDUCATION (details at, Jagatsinghpur, Khordha, Management institutions, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Puri, Vocational education Comments Off on Cabana group announces a hotel and a management institute

Various newspapers (Telegraph, Financial Express) report that the Cabana group has announced a hotel and a management institute in Bhubaneswar and plans to open many hotels in various locations in Orissa. Following is an excerpt from Telegraph.

Co-chairman of Cabana Hotel Management Private Limited and venture capitalist, Prabhu Goel, said the institute will be the group’s first training venture anywhere in the world. “Since the industry demand is huge, we hope that all students will be absorbed after training,” Goel added.

The institute, for which the government has allotted a seven-acre plot near Dumduma, will have hostels for 1,500 students, classrooms, labs, kitchens, along with a an attached 200-bed hotel. The group will represent Best Western brand in India, provide hotel management services and consultancy, he said.

Over the next 10 years, the group intends to add more than 100 hotels and 10,000 rooms to the growing Indian hospitality market. “We have visited places like Chilika, Puri, Konark and Paradip. We are interested to set up hotels there. We have plans to invest around Rs 350 crores in developing properties in the state,” said Goel.

Posco to use self-developed technology for Orissa plant

Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Jagatsinghpur, MINES and MINERALS, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Steel Comments Off on Posco to use self-developed technology for Orissa plant

TOI reports that POSCO has become operational with it’s new FINEX technology in a steel plant in South Korea. The same FINEX technology will be used in the Orissa steel plant. This is particularly relevant for high Alumina grade Ores found in Orissa. The new steel plant in South Korea will improve the output of POSCO by 11%.

Other papers which reported the same news were Statesman,Financial Express and Reuters India. Brunei times provides a different analysis to the same story also.

Paradeep Oil Refinery may function from October 2011

Bhubaneswar-Paradip, INDUSTRY and INFRASTRUCTURE, Jagatsinghpur, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Refinery 8 Comments »

Samaja reports that Paradeep oil refinery would function from October 2011.

However, there were many such announcements published earlier. Every time a new date is fixed. The project is already shifted 5 years from the actual schedule.


IOC plans a new 300,000 barrels a day refinery and petrochemical complex at Paradip

Bhubaneswar-Paradip, INDUSTRY and INFRASTRUCTURE, INVESTMENTS and INVESTMENT PLANS, Jagatsinghpur, Petrochemicals, Refinery Comments Off on IOC plans a new 300,000 barrels a day refinery and petrochemical complex at Paradip

It gets reported once in a while [Hindu1, Hindu, Technoligence,iocl ] that IOC plans a new 300,000 barrels a day refinery and petrochemical complex at Paradip. has a recent report on this.

Samaja Editorial page article : POSCO-TISCO-N-MITTAL – If not now, never

Arcelor Mittal, Balasore, Bhadrakh, Bhadrakh-Dhamara, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Berhampur, Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Cuttack, INVESTMENTS and INVESTMENT PLANS, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur, Jajpur Rd- Vyasanagar- Duburi- Kalinganagar, Kendrapada, Keonjhar, Khordha, MINES and MINERALS, Ports and waterways, POSCO, Puri, Railways, Roads, highways and Bus stands, Steel, Tatas, TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION Comments Off on Samaja Editorial page article : POSCO-TISCO-N-MITTAL – If not now, never

Samaja has a beautiful editorial page article by Ramachandra Pattanayak. In it the the author explains that if we continue opposing Posco, Tisco and Mittal what will happen is that steel plants will be made in other states, our mines will be assigned by the central government to these steel plants in other states and we will lose out on many fronts including infrastructure development that comes with steel plants, ancillaries, etc. Similarly, he says it does not make sense that we are so vocal about IIT etc. and yet we oppose Vedanta University.

I agree with the author. The assignment of mines is not fully under state govt. control. We can not sit on requests and delay assigning mines. If we do that currently the central govt. has the right to assign the mines to others. Losing out on the mines, we lose out on the related infrastructure developments such as townships, railways, roads, and to some degree ports. We also lose out on the ancillaries. In this regard one may note cities with big steel plants such as Rourkela or Jamshedpur. They all have lots of ancillary units around that area. So even if the main steel plant does not employ as many people as in the past, there are more opportunities for ancillaries these days as the state is keen on going after auto factories, bicycle factories etc. These ancillaries will hire a lot of people. But, of course, we should not force people out of their land; they should be enticed with good compensation (R&R). On the other hand we need to be very careful and wary of some of the neighboring states who are trying to spread their ideology to our state and in the process trying to steal some of these upcoming developments in Orissa. In this regard it is amazing that politicians and MPs from a neighboring state are able to come to Orissa and say that their party opposes such and such project in Orissa. At the same time the party of these politicians support industry in their state so much that they or their allies have sent in cadres dressed up as policemen to kill and rape people opposed to industrialization in their state. What gull these politicians from the neighboring state have and how stupid we Oriyas are to invite them, give them a platform and listen to them.

IT SEZ in Infocity

Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Berhampur, Bhubaneswar-Cuttack- Kalinganagar, Bhubaneswar-Dhenkanal- Anugul, Bhubaneswar-Paradip, IT, Khordha Comments Off on IT SEZ in Infocity

Tathya reports that an IT SEZ has been approved that covers major part of Infocity. Following is an excerpt from that article.

The IT nerve center of Orissa is centered at Infocity, a sprawling 300 acres of Export Promotion Industrial Park developed by IDCO north of Bhubaneswar.

Infosys and ESSPL have set up their development centers.

TCS, Wipro and MindTree have signed memorandum of understanding (MoU) and have taken land in Infocity.

Other prominent IT companies including Genpact, Hexaware Technologies, Ramtech Software Solutions and Contiloe Films have also applied for land.

POSCO’s proposed port in Jatadhari (near Paradeep) gets environmental clearance from center.

Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Jagatsinghpur, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Ports and waterways, Steel Comments Off on POSCO’s proposed port in Jatadhari (near Paradeep) gets environmental clearance from center.

News reports (New Indian Express) mention that POSCO‘s proposed port in Jatadhari, 12 km from Paradeep, has received environmental clearance from the center. POSCO’s MOU with Orissa government has mention of a port.

Map of greater Bhubaneswar: Bhubaneswar, Khordha, Cuttack, Choudwar; proposed road alignment of Bhubaneswar – Cuttack greater bypass

Bhubaneswar and vicinity, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Berhampur, Bhubaneswar-Cuttack- Kalinganagar, Bhubaneswar-Dhenkanal- Anugul, Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Cuttack, Kendrapada, Khordha, Puri, Road maps, Roads, highways and Bus stands 3 Comments »

A map of Bhubaneswar and vicinity

Anugul- Talcher - Saranga- Nalconagar, Bhadrakh, Bhadrakh-Balasore, Bhadrakh-Dhamara, Bhubaneswar and vicinity, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Berhampur, Bhubaneswar-Cuttack- Kalinganagar, Bhubaneswar-Dhenkanal- Anugul, Bhubaneswar-Nayagarh, Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Bhubaneswar-Pipli- Astaranga, Bhubaneswar-Pipli- Konark, Bhubaneswar-Puri, Choudwar-Kendrapara - Dhamara, Corridors emanating from Bhubaneswar metro, Cuttack, Cuttack-Paradip, Dhenkanal, Ganjam, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur, Jajpur Rd- Vyasanagar- Duburi- Kalinganagar, Kalinganagar- Chandikhol- Paradip, Kalinganagar-Bhadrakh, Kendrapada, Khordha, Nayagarha, Puri, Puri - Konark, Railway maps, Road maps, TOURISM, ENTERTAINMENT and SHOPPING Comments Off on A map of Bhubaneswar and vicinity

Roads and Highways infrastructure in Orissa

Angul, Balangir, Balasore, Bargarh, Baripada-Balasore-Kirtania, Bhadrakh, Bhadrakh-Balasore, Bhadrakh-Dhamara, Bhubaneswar-Berhampur, Bhubaneswar-Cuttack- Kalinganagar, Bhubaneswar-Dhenkanal- Anugul, Bhubaneswar-Nayagarh, Bhubaneswar-Paradip, Bhubaneswar-Pipli- Astaranga, Bhubaneswar-Pipli- Konark, Bhubaneswar-Puri, Bouda, Choudwar-Kendrapara - Dhamara, Coastal highway, Corridors emanating from Bhubaneswar metro, Cuttack, Cuttack-Paradip, Deogarh, Dhenkanal, DISTRICTS & BLOCKS, Gajapati, Ganjam, Grama sadak, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur, Jharsuguda-Sambalpur- Bargarh, Jharsugurha, Kalahandi, Kalinganagar - Kamkhya Nagar - Talcher, Kalinganagar - Panikoili - Jajpur - Kendrapara, Kalinganagar - Tarini - Keonjhar, Kalinganagar- Chandikhol- Paradip, Kalinganagar-Bhadrakh, Kandhamala, Kendrapada, Keonjhar, Khordha, Koraput, Malkangiri, Mayurbhanj, Mining Corridor, Nabarangpur, National Highways, Nayagarha, NH 200 (440 Kms: Chhattisgarh - Jharsuguda - Deogarh - Talcher - Kamakhyanagar - Duburi - Chandhikhol), NH 201 (310 Kms: Boriguma - Bhawanipatna - Balangir - Bargarh), NH 203 (97 Kms: Bhubaneshwar-Pipili-Puri-Konark), NH 203A (49 Kms: Puri - Bramhagiri - Satpada), NH 215 (348 Kms: NH-5@Panikoli - Anandapur - Kendujhargarh -Rajamundra @NH-23), NH 217 (438 Kms: Chhattisgarh Border - Khariar Rd - Nuapada - Khariar - Titlagarh - Ramapur - Baligurha - Asika - Brahmapur - Gopalpur), NH 224 (298 Kms: Khordha - Nayagarh - Dashapalla - Bauda - Sonapur - Balangir), NH 23 (209 Kms: Jharkhand Border - Rourkela - Rajamundra - Pala Laharha - Talcher - NH-42), NH 42 (261 Kms: NH-6@Sambalpur - Redhakhol - Anugul - Dhenkanal - NH-5@Nergundi), NH 43 (152 Kms: Chhattisgarh Border - Chandili - Borigma - Jaypur - Koraput - Sunki - Andhra Pradesh Border), NH 5 (488 kms: NH No.6 in Jharkhand - Baripada - Baleshwar - Bhadrakh - Cuttack - Bhubaneswar - Khordha - Brahmapur - upto Andhra Pradesh Border), NH 5A (77 Kms: NH-5 at Chandikhol to Paradip), NH 6 (462 Kms: Chhattisgarh Border - Lobarchatti - Bargarh - Sambalpur - Deogarh - Kendujhargarh - Jashipur - Bangriposi - Jharkhand Border ), NH 60 (57 Kms: West Bengal Border- Jaleswar - Baleshwar), NH 75 (18 Kms: Jharkhand Border to NH-215 near Parsora), Nuapada, Overall Odisha, Puri, Puri - Konark, Rayagada, Road maps, Roads, highways and Bus stands, Rourkela-Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Sonepur, State highways, Sundergarh, Vijaywada-Ranchi highway Comments Off on Roads and Highways infrastructure in Orissa


In recent years there has been a big jump in the number of kilometers of national highways in Orissa. Following is copied from my page "Roads and Highways infrastructure in Orissa."

Road network: Orissa Roads1; Orissa Roads2; India’s NH network; India’s golden quadrilateral; the part of the GQ/NH-5 that runs through Orissa.

  • National Highways in Orissa and India; its growth in recent years:
    • NH 5: Junction with NH No.6 in Jharkhand near Baharagora-BaripadaBaleshwar-Bhadrakh-Cuttack- Bhubaneswar-Khordha-Chhatrapur-Brahmapur– upto Andhra Pradesh Border. (488 kms)
    • NH 5A: Junction with NH No.5 near Haridaspur-Paradip Port. (77 kms)
    • NH 6: From Chhattisgarh Border-Lobarchatti- BargarhSambalpur-Deogarh-Barakot- Kendujhargarh -Jashipur-Bangriposi-upto Jharkhand Border (462 kms)
    • NH 23: From Jharkhand Border-Panposh-Raurkela– Rajamundra-Barakot- Pala Laharha-Talcher-Jn. with NH-42 (209 kms)
    • NH 42: Junction with NH No.6 near Sambalpur– Redhakhol-Anugul-Dhenkanal- Jn. with NH-5 near Cuttack. (261 kms)
    • NH 43: From Chhattisgarh Border– Dhanpunji- Borigma- JaypurKoraput-Sunki- Andhra Pradesh Border. (152 kms)
    • NH 60: From West Bengal BorderJaleswarBaleshwar (57 kms)
    • NH 75: From Jharkhand Border to junction with NH No.215 near Parsora (18 kms)
    • NH 200: From Chhattisgarh-Machida-Jharsuguda– Kochinda- Deogarh –Talcher-Kamakhyanagar-Sukinda- Chandhikhol (440 kms)
    • NH 201: Boriguma-Ampani-Bhawanipatna– Belgan- Balangir-Luisinga-Jogisuruda-Dunguripali-Bargarh (310 kms)
    • NH 203: Bhubaneshwar-Pipili-PuriKonark (97 kms)
    • NH 203A: The highway starting from its junction with NH-203 at Puri, connecting Bramhagiri and terminating at Satpada (49 kms)
    • NH 215: Panikoli-Anandapur-Ghatgan- Kendujhargarh– Parsora-Koira-Rajamundra (348 kms)
    • NH 217: From Chhattisgarh Border-Nauparha-Khariar- Titlagarh-Belgan- Ramapur- Baligurha-Sorada-Asika- Brahmapur– Narendrapur- Gopalpur (438 kms)
    • NH 224: Khordha-Nayagarh-Dashapalla- Purunakatak-Bauda-Sonapur-Balangir (298 kms)
  • Vijaywada-Ranchi highway (approved by planning commission as reported in May 2006), [July 06] [The Orissa government has been demanding a NH from Vijaywada to Ranchi which will pass through the Naxal infested areas. 1200 km of this 2000km will be in Orissa. CM talked to planning comission about it.]
  • Ongoing National Highway work in Orissa
  • Future plans for Orissa: [1:april-28-05]; [2:april-28-05].
  • Various phases of NHDP: [1]; [2]; [3]
  • Other highway plans:
    • 4 laning of Chandikhol-Paradip by February-end of 2007
    • 4 laning of Keonjhar-Panikoili, Duburi-Talcher, Cuttack-Paradeep and Duburi-Keonjhar Highways. [June17-05-Pragativadi]
  • Aim-for-with-high-priority/parts-of-it-in-Orissa-govt- plan(page4)-already:
    • Connect NH 215 (perhaps at Jajpur Rd) to Jenapur to NH200 (where it meets Brahmani) with a highway as Jenapur is the location where the National waterway will cross the railway line and Jenapur is 7 kms from where a branch of the line goes to Daitari and Bansapani.
    • Designate AP-border-Koraput-Raygada-Padampur- Berhampur (in NH5) as a National highway. (This will bring Koraput and Raygada, thus a big part of KBK, closer to BBSR) — a slight revision of what is in the plan
    • Designate Anandpur (NH 215)-Bhadrak-Dhamara port as an NH. (This will bring Dhamara port closer to Jharkhand, thus helping industries in Jharkhand and Orissa.)
    • Jagatpur-Kendrapara-Chandbali-Dhamara — make it an NH (alternative route to Dhamara port)
    • Panikoili/Kuakhia-Jajpur-Aradi-Chandabali — make it an NH (alternative route to Dhamara port)
    • Panikoili-Jajpur-Kendrapara-NH5a-Paradeep — make it an NH (alternative to Paradeep port)
  • Orissa State Road Transport Company (OSRTC)
  • Wide city roads:
    • Four-laning of the Airport-Dhamana Chhaka road in Bhubaneswar: [1]
    • Other Bhubaneswar Road plans: [1], [2]
  • Bhubaneswar area road plans: