The NIMZs are part of a new national manufacturing policy. The following excerpt from a report in WSJ explains the goal of this policy.

India’s federal cabinet Tuesday approved a national manufacturing policy, the first of its kind in the country, to increase manufacturing’s share of national output as it aims to create millions of jobs and add capacity to sustain brisk economic growth through the next decade.

The policy targets raising the share of manufacturing to 25% of gross domestic product by 2022 from the current 16% — a level that has remained stagnant since 1980.

The new policy proposes developing National Investment and Manufacturing Zones, or mega-industrial parks, that will reduce the compliance burden on industry, the government said in a statement.

Following is information on the establishment of such an NIMZ in Odisha.