Archive for the 'Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima' Category

Work starts on Paradeep-Choudwar-Rourkela Industrial Corridor

Angul, Anugul- Talcher - Saranga- Nalconagar, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Dhenkanal- Anugul, CKP ... Bhalulata - Rourkela - Jharsuguda Jn - Daghora , Cuttack, Cuttack - Paradeep, Cuttack-Paradip, Dhenkanal, IDCO, Jajpur, Jharsuguda-Sambalpur- Bargarh, Jharsugurha, Jharsugurha- Brajarajnagar- Belpahar, Kendrapada, Khordha, Paradeep port, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Rourkela- Kansbahal, Rourkela-Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Sambalpur - Talcher, Sambalpur-Burla-Jharsuguda, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima, Sundergarh, Talcher - Barang, Talcher - Bimlagarh (under constr.) 1 Comment »

Following is an excerpt from a report in ibnlive.com.

The state government has started work on development of a railway corridor through Choudwar to Rourkela to allow ease of inward and outward transportation of goods from the industrial hubs and mining belts along the region.

Land acquisition for the project, the first of its kind initiative by a state government, has already been initiated by the Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (Idco). The project would go on ground after the land acquisition and is targeted to be completed by 2015, said Idco CMD Priyabrata Patnaik on Friday.

The corridor involves development of extensive rail and road connectivity, along with provisioning of water supply and other infrastructural facilities. The corridor would encompass two track railway lines and six-lane road passing through the industrial hubs and the coal mining belts. New industrial areas and downstream units would be developed along the corridor.

Common infrastructure facilities under the corridor would solve the problems of inward and outward transportation of goods and minerals. The stretch would pass through the heart of coal mining operations in the state, which harbours about 65 billion tonne of reserves. The coal reserves in the Talcher belt only is around 43 billion tonne.

The corridor would cover 17 large and mega-industries, along with 57 other units, through the stretch from Choudwar to Rourkela. Traffic projection on the route is given out as 8.7 million tonne.

The route would have 163 km of railway track length and 465 km on road. As many as 308 minor bridges and 77 major bridges would have to be constructed on it, said Patnaik.

Note 1: The 163 km of railway track probably refers to the Talcher-Bimlagarh segment.

Note 2: Although the above report only mentions the Choudwar-Rourkela part, in earlier documents there is mention of Paradeep-Choudwar-Rourkela industrial corridor. See for example this 2009 Business Standard report. Following are some excerpts from that.

The Orissa government plans to develop an industrial corridor running from Paradeep to Rourkela through industrial hubs like Choudwar, Talcher and Sambalpur.

Though the initial proposal was to have an industrial corridor originating from Choudwar to Rourkela, the proposal was modified to extend the corridor till Paradeep to allow inward and outward transport of goods through the Paradeep port, sources said.

… The proposed industrial corridor will be in line with the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor and is designed to pass through national highway no.42 and national highway no 5 (A).

Under the project, both road and rail corridor will be developed, which will be the backbone of the proposed project. The industrial estates and down stream units would be developed over 25 km area on both sides of the corridor.

IL&FS has been appointed as the consultant for the project and it has already submitted the pre-feasibility study report to the industry department on the project. However, the detail cost of the project is yet to be worked out yet, sources added.

The latest initiative of the state government follows a similar initiative to develop a common ‘rail-road-water pipeline and infrastructure corridor’ in Meramundali-Angul-Talcher-Chhendipada belt, to facilitate movement of coal in the Talcher coalfield area.

The project is estimated to cost about Rs 5000 crore including Rs 2000 crore for 2-line rail corridor and Rs 1100 crore for 4 lane road alongside it. The land width of the proposed corridor will be 300 metre which includes 60 metre for road and 20 metre for water pipeline.

The total length of the corridor is 137 kilometre which includes length of 43 number of major bridges to be constructed on this stretch. RITES Ltd has already submitted a pre-feasibility report to the state owned Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation of Orissa Ltd. (Idco) on the project.

The project is designed to have multi-point centralised loading stations conceived along the corridor rather than individual bulb connections with a view to avoid interference or wastage of coal bearing areas. Road and water pipe alignment will run parallel to rail alignment, sources said.

It will be connected to rail line at three locations- Jharpada, Angul and Budhapanka. The common corridor will have multiple entry and exit points and no surface crossing. Besides, flyovers are proposed to avoid cross movements at junction stations.

This ‘rail-road-water pipeline and infrastructure corridor’ in Meramundali-Angul-Talcher-Chhendipada belt is projected to handle 113 million tonne coal by 2014-15. It includes 55 million tonne coal movement required by the power companies, 40.76 million tonne by steel companies and 17.22 million tonne by other industries.

Odisha single window committee (SWC) approves investment of Rs 1,286.61 crore

Bargarh, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Cement, Electronics, Food processing, Jagatsinghpur, Jharsugurha, Jharsugurha- Brajarajnagar- Belpahar, Khordha, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima, Single Window Clearance (SLSWCA), Thermal No Comments »

Following is an excerpt from a report in ibnlive.com.

The single window committee (SWC) on Friday approved proposals for four industrial units, two of them power plants, with an investment of Rs 1,286.61 crore.

… The proposal of M/S Beverages Private Limited to set up a soft drink beverages unit with capacity of one lakh crates per annum at Atabira in Bargarh district with an investment of Rs 59.61 crore was approved in the meeting.
Similarly, the proposal of M/S Essar Power Orissa Limited to set up 4×30 MW captive power plant in two phases at Paradip with an investment of ` 683 crore was also given the green signal.

It is expected that the project will provide employment opportunity to 200persons.

The proposal submitted by Investa Ventures Limited for setting up a LED manufacturing plant and incubation park at Chandaka near Bhubaneswar with an estimated investment of Rs 190 crore was also approved.

The plant will produce energy saving LED electric bulbs and tubes and is expected to open employment opportunities for 470 persons.

Besides, the proposal of M/S Ultra Tech Cement Ltd for expansion of the existing cement grinding capacity from 1MTPA to 3 MTPA at Jharsuguda Cement Works and bulk terminal in Cuttack district with an investment of ` 354 crore has also got the approval of the committee.

More details from Dharitri on the proposed PPP based bus terminals; Following Baramunda the next 4 are Master Canteen, Badambadi, Dhenkanal and Angul; Second phase includes Sambalpur, Balasore, Baragarh, Bhadrak, Baripada and Jajpur Rd

Anugul- Talcher - Saranga- Nalconagar, Balasore- Chandipur, Baripada- Bangiriposi- Similipal foothills, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Jajpur Rd- Vyasanagar- Duburi- Kalinganagar, Modern Bus Stands, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima No Comments »

Baragarh, Kalahandi and Sambalpur districts are the top districts with respect to rice procurement: Samaja

Bargarh, Kalahandi, Rice-n-Paddy, Sambalpur, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima No Comments »

Sambalpur – Jharsuguda to have two malls with multiplexes; IBM business development process center proposed for Jharsuguda and a Nikon Collection center proposed for Sambalpur

IBM, IT, Back office, BPO, Jharsugurha, Jharsugurha- Brajarajnagar- Belpahar, Malls, Multinationals, Multiplexes, Sambalpur, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima 24 Comments »

Thanks to reader Jitu for the pointers.

Following is an excerpt from a report in Indiainfoline.com.

Nikon India, the 100% subsidiary of Nikon Corporation the leaders in imaging technology has started Nikon Collection Centre (NCC), an initiative taken by Nikon India to cater to the wider base of Nikon customers by floating Camera Collection Points across locations, especially the non metro areas.

The collection centres would act as main contact point for collection of any Nikon Imaging Products ( D-SLR’s, COOLPIX Compact cameras, NIKKOR lenses and accessories) that shall be sent for repair to the nearest Service Facility Centre for necessary correction by NCC. Once repaired, the product will be sent back to NCC from where customer can collect his product. 

 

Under the plan for the business year 2010-2011, Nikon has already started the services in Bhopal, Noida & Mangalore. Going forward Nikon plans to start the services in Siliguri, Dehradun, Kanpur, Nagpur, Mysore and Tiruanantpuram within this month and Dhampur, Sambalpur, Udaipur, Varanasi, Shimla, Aitsar, Jammu, Agra, Coimbatore, Vishakapatnam and Rajkot taking the total to 20 by the end of this financial year.

Following is an excerpt from a report in Hindustantimes.com.

IBM has chalked out plans to expand its business development processes to smaller cities in the country over the next couple of years. The company plans to spread its footprint to 45 cities of India. At present, a large part of the company’s business comes from the metropolitan cities such as Mumbai, Delhi and Bangalore.

“Business activities of small and medium business enterprises are increasing at a fast pace in smaller cities of the country and it is logical for us to expand our footprint across the country,” said Nipun Mehrotra, vice president, general business, IBM India and South Asia. He said with the growth of Indian economy, the small and medium enterprises would flourish and opportunities would increasingly come up in cities such as Ranchi, Ludhiana, Tirupur and Jharsuguda, among others.

Following is from http://eylex.co.in/Pages/Sambalpur.aspx. The mall in Sambalpur is promoted by K.K. Homes (a local Developer of Sambalpur) and will have a three screen multiplex with 800 seats. Its target Operational date is March 2011.

Following is the picture from http://eylex.co.in/Pages/Jharsugda.aspx.

 

 

Modernization of seven bus stands: Samaja

Angul, Anugul- Talcher - Saranga- Nalconagar, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Cuttack, Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Jharsugurha, Jharsugurha- Brajarajnagar- Belpahar, Khordha, Mass-transit, Modern Bus Stands, Sambalpur, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima No Comments »

City bus planned for Rourkela, Berhampur, Sambalpur and Cuttack: Dharitri

Berhampur- Gopalpur- Chhatrapur, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bhubaneswar-Cuttack, Mass-transit, Rourkela- Kansbahal, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima 2 Comments »

Development locations in the three regions of Odisha – in maps

Anugul- Talcher - Saranga- Nalconagar, Balasore- Chandipur, Baripada- Bangiriposi- Similipal foothills, Berhampur- Gopalpur- Chhatrapur, Bhubaneswar and vicinity, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Dhamara- Chandbali- Bhitarakanika, Jajpur Rd- Vyasanagar- Duburi- Kalinganagar, Jharsugurha- Brajarajnagar- Belpahar, Koraput- Jeypore- Sunabedha- Damanjodi, Overall Odisha, Paradip - Jatadhari - Kujanga, Rayagada- Therubali, Rourkela- Kansbahal, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima 1 Comment »

The Coastal Belt.

The Western Industrial Belt.

The Southwestern & Central Outposts.

Push for micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in Odisha

Balasore, Balasore- Chandipur, Bargarh, Berhampur- Gopalpur- Chhatrapur, Bhadrakh, Business Standard, Cuttack, Dhamara- Chandbali- Bhitarakanika, Dhenkanal, Ganjam, Jajpur, Jajpur Rd- Vyasanagar- Duburi- Kalinganagar, Jharsugurha, Jharsugurha- Brajarajnagar- Belpahar, Kalahandi, Keonjhar, MSE - medium and small enterprises, MSMEs, Rayagada- Therubali, Rourkela- Kansbahal, Sambalpur, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima, Sundergarh No Comments »

Following is an excerpt from a report in Business Standard by Bishnu Das.

To meet the infrastructure needs of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) on a priority basis, the Orissa government has reserved 20 per cent of the area in all industrial estates, industrial parks, industrial corridors and land banks for such units.

Further, the state-owned Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (Idco) will promote new exclusive zones for MSMEs in all major industrial hubs of the state.

The locations where exclusive industrial parks will be promoted include Kalinganagar, Barbil, Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Dhenkanal, Rourkela, Baragarh, Balasore, Dhamara, Gopalpur, Chhatrapur, Raygada, Kalahandi and Choudwar.

Such exclusive zones will also come up near the Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in the state.

… The government has also decided that wherever land is provided to large and medium industries, 10 per cent of the land, subject to a maximum limit of 200 acres, will be earmarked for setting up MSMEs. This will facilitate the setting up of ancillary and downstream units, preferably in cluster mode, a source added.

… Sources said that Common Facility Centres (CFCs), to be set up by the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) constituted for the MSME clusters, would be entitled for allotment of land free of cost at various locations in the state.

… To provide assured sources of raw material for such units, the Orissa Small Industries Corporation (OSIC) and the National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) will set up raw material banks.

The two organisations will act as nodal agencies for MSMEs and public sector resource companies will accord priority to OSIC and NSIC in supply of raw materials, which will be made available to MSMEs at the lowest possible rate.

Update on Aditya Birla group’s projects in Odisha

Aluminium, Bauxite, Birlas, Koraput, Koraput- Jeypore- Sunabedha- Damanjodi, Sambalpur, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima, TOI, Economic Times 2 Comments »

Following is an excerpt from a report in Economic Times.

Aditya Birla Group chairman, Mr Kumar Mangalam Birla is very hopeful of completion of the Rs 4,500-crore alumina refinery plant coming up at Kashipur in Koraput district and expansion of Hindalco aluminium smelter project at Hirakud in Sambalpur district

… In June last year, the Orissa government had recommended the union mining ministry to allot mining lease of Lakharis bauxite deposit in Koraput district in favour of Hindalco Industries Limited, the flagship company of Aditya Birla Group.

This is the second bauxite deposit to be allotted to the Group, which entered into a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Orissa government in April, 2005 is to set up a world-class aluminium complex in the state.

Officials said the Lakharis mine is estimated to have about 45 million bauxite deposits.

Earlier, the Hindalco was allotted Kodingamali bauxite deposit in the district for its proposed aluminium complex at Kansari.

Aditya Aluminium (another unit of Hindalco) had signed a MoU with the Orissa government on April 8, 2005 to set up an integrated aluminium complex in the state. The project involves a total investment of Rs 11,500 crores for production of 1.5 lakh tones of alumina and 3.25 lakh tonnes of aluminium per annum.

Aditya Aluminium has already signed a joint venture umbrella agreement with the Orissa Mining Corporation for bauxite mining in Koraput district.

The company has sought 2012 acres of land for its refinery and 3331 acres for the smelter, sources said.

The state government is in the process of acquiring land for the project, but faces problem in some villages, the sources added resulting in the delay in grounding of the project.

Army to establish military Hospital in Gopalpur, Ganjam; second Sainik school of the state in Sambalpur etc.

Berhampur- Gopalpur- Chhatrapur, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Ganjam, HEALTHCARE and HOSPITALS, K-12, Khordha, Sambalpur, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima 1 Comment »

Following is an excerpt from a report in expressbuzz.com.

The Army is proposing to set up a full-fledged military hospital at Gopalpur in Ganjam district and upgrade Kalinga School in Bhubaneswar, which is up to Class V, to an Army Public School from next session. The proposal to set up six polyclinics has been agreed in principle by the Government of India and they are going to be functional shortly at Sambalpur, Angul, Dhenkanal, Puri, Koraput and Ganjam districts. All veterans should get their registration done through respective station headquarters to avail of the diagnostic facilities.

Orissa will be the first state to have two Sainik Schools after opening of the Sainik School at Sambalpur for the people of Western Orissa. He said 70 acres of land has been identified for the school along the Goshal-Chiplima road and Sainik School Board will visit the place soon. This apart Sainik School, Bhubaneswar, has been given enhanced financial assistance for its upkeep and all existing scholarships have been doubled.

Revealing that process of identification of 700 acres of land in Jharsuguda or Sundargarh district is on for location of an Army unit keeping in view rail and air connectivity, Jha said ad hoc Station Headquarters to meet the administrative requirements of the veterans in Sambalpur, Bhubaneswar, Balasore and Gopalpur have been upgraded into fullfledged Station Headquarters.A transit home in Bhubaneswar and a holiday home in Puri for serving soldiers as well as veterans are also on the cards, he added.

Modern bus terminal in Angul in 2 years; also in Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Sambalpur and Dhenkanal

Angul, Anugul- Talcher - Saranga- Nalconagar, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Khordha, Modern Bus Stands, Sambalpur, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima No Comments »

Following is from Samaja.

Following ad is from Orissa Business Blog.

Orissa’s future airport plans

Balasore- Chandipur, Baripada- Bangiriposi- Similipal foothills, Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bringing International Connectivity, Jeypore, Jharsuguda, Jharsugurha- Brajarajnagar- Belpahar, Koraput- Jeypore- Sunabedha- Damanjodi, Odisha govt. action, Rasgovindpur (Balasore-Baripada-Jaleswar), Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima 5 Comments »

Update: Expressbuzz also reports on this.


Following is from today’s Dharitri.

From the above, and its actions in the past, it seems that Orissa government’s future plan in terms of airports are:

  • Make an international airport in Bhubaneswar. (Shifting to the new location will take another 10 years.)
  • Make an airport in Jharsuguda to cater for Bargarh-Sambalpur-Jharsuguda-Rourkela belt: Will take 2-3 yrs to be operational.
  • Plan for an airport in Jeypore: Will take 8-10 years to be operational
  • Plan for an airport in Rasgovindpur (near Jaleswar, close to Balasore and Baripada): Will take 8-10 years to be operational

Couple of implications of the above are: Berhampur and Rourkela may not get functional airports in the near future (say next 10 years) as they are close to airports at Bhubaneswar and Jharsuguda respectively. The overall airport situation in Orissa in 10 years will be as follows:

Now lets analyze how feasible the airports at Jeypore and Rasgovindpur will be.

  • Jeypore: It is 258 kms from Visakhapatnam by Rail and 224 kms by road. It is 378 kms from Raipur; 450 kms from Jharsuguda and 520 kms from Bhubaneswar. It will be at the junction of two expressways and thus would be able to serve a large population in Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Chhatisgarh.
  • Rasgovindpur: It will be 30-40 kms from Balasore and Baripada; 70-80 kms from Digha; 80-90 kms from Kharagpur mostly on the expressway; 90-100 kms from Bhadrak mostly on the expressway, close to two expressways; 200kms from Kolkata airport;  210-220 kms from Tatanagar and 260-270 kms from Bhubaneswar. (Tatanagar being only 170 kms from Ranchi may not have a viable commercial airport for some time. Kharagpur being 120 kms from Kolkata will not have a viable commercial airport for a long time.) Thus it is far enough to the nearest airports in Bhubaneswar and DumDum (Kolkata), but at the same time there are enough population centers (Balasore, Baripada, Bhadrak, Digha, Kharagpur, Medinipur, Jhargram, Ghatsila) that will be close to this airport than the existing airports. So this aiport could serve a significant population in Orissa, Jharkhand and West Bengal.

800 acres needed for airport in Jharsuguda; Work for a new 150 crore terminal in Bhubaneswar to start in April 2010

Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Bringing International Connectivity, Jharsuguda, Jharsugurha, Jharsugurha- Brajarajnagar- Belpahar, Khordha, Rourkela- Kansbahal, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima 8 Comments »

Update2: Picture of the Bhubaneswar airport upgradation plan. Courtsey: tathya.in.

 


Update: Excerpts from a report in tathya.in.

… the Chief Minister talked to the Chairman AAI at length and reportedly acceded to the demand of the AAI to bear the cost of Rs.25 crore needed for both land and infrastructure.

815 acres of land is needed for the purpose.

Secondly power, water and road infrastructure is required to be provided free of cost.

So the financial implications will be coming around Rs.25 crore, which will be borne by the State Government, said sources.

State Government and AAI will sign a MOU for development of the airport.

 


Following is an excerpt from a report in orissadiary.com.

Airports Authority of India (AAI) seeks 800 acres of land to set up airport in Orissa’s Jharsguda. This was said by AAI chairman, VP Agarwal at Bhubaneswar.

… He also informed that AAI likely to invest Rs 150 crores in Biju Patnaik airport for the establishment of a new terminal building at Bhubaneswar.  … Moreover, work for the proposed terminal building start from April next year he added. The new terminal building would be designed to accommodate 1000 passengers and it would be centrally air-conditioned.

Samaja on Dhanu Jatra in Bargarh

Bargarh, Dhanu Jatra of Bargarh, Festivals, Odisha theatre, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima 1 Comment »

Modern Terminal Market Coming up in Sambalpur; MP Amarnath Pradhan claims credit

Agricultural terminal, Central govt. schemes, Odisha govt. action, Odisha MPs, Sambalpur, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima No Comments »

Following is from Samaja.

The second article above says that the central government agreed to this terminal market due to Mr. Amarnath Pradhan’s proposal. I am not sure how true this is as the following call came out in 2008.

Bargarh and Sonepur among the 20 pilot Handloom Clusters of India

Bargarh, Bargarh, Cottage industry and Handlooms, Handloom Clusters, MSE - medium and small enterprises, Rural artisan villages, Sambalpuri Sarees, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima, Sonepur, Sonepur No Comments »

(Thanks to http://kddf.wordpress.com/2009/12/02/information-about-subarnapur-district-handloom-cluster/  for the inspiration to write about this.)

The following is from the pages http://www.indianhandloomscluster-dchl.net/index.asp.

The overall handloom situation in Orissa is as per the following table:

DISTRICT WISE CLASSIFICATION OF HANDLOOMS AS PER CENSUS 1995-96

No. of Looms

Up to 1000

1000-5000

5,000 – 10,000

10,000-25,000

25,000 – 50,000

Above 50,000

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

STATE : ORISSA

 

Deogarh

Angul

Bolangir

Bargarh

 

 

 

Gajapati

Bhadrak

Cuttack

 

 

 

 

Jharsuguda

Dhenkanal

Ganjam

 

 

 

 

Keraput

Kendrapara

Nayagarh

 

 

 

 

Malkanagiri

Keenjhar

Sonepur

 

 

 

 

Nawarangapur

Nuapara

 

 

 

 

 

Phulbani

Puri

 

 

 

 

 

Rayagada

Sambalpur

 

 

 

 

 

Sundargarh

Kalahandi

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balasera

 

 

 

 

 

 

Boudh

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jagatsinghpur

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jajpur

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mayurbhanj

 

 

 

 

 

 

Khurda

 

 

 

 

 

9

15

5

1

 

 30

 


Among those, Bargarh and Sonepur are among the 20 pilot clusters.

The page for the Baragarh cluster is http://www.indianhandloomscluster-dchl.net/Bargarh/Index.asp. Following is some information from that page.

Bargarh Handloom cluster is spread over the entire Block of Bargarh, Attabira, Bijepur and Sohella. The cluster has 7158 numbers of looms as per the survey report of the zonal Handloom office taken up during the year 2004 out of which 5102 looms are working in 299 different villages. The main products of the cluster are cotton sarees of tie and dye and small amount of dress materials, lungis and napkins etc. The annual production is around 10 Crores rupees. The products of this area are mostly marketed in Orissa and National market. The cluster so to say represents Orissa in quantitative and qualitative Tie and Dye Cotton Sarees as no other clusters of other districts in Orissa produces such sarees.

… The weaving in the cluster by the traditional weavers’ community popularly known as "Bhulia" came in to existence during mid of 17th  century and with increase in their population, they spread to other nearby places. They initially belong to Rajasthan and were presented during the 14th  century to the ruler of Patna State, a king of Chouhan dynasty "Ramai Deb". Later on they were presented to the king of Sonepur during the 16th  century and scattered to the nearby district i.e., Bargarh in the next century.

The cluster consists sizable number of professional weavers (Non traditional) from Schedule Caste and  Schedule Tribe (Kuli caste) weavers, which in total accounts for 60 %. Generally these weavers are less skilled and engaged in production of Napkin, Lungi,  Sarees, Dhotis, etc.

Weaving with Tie dye in the cluster prior to 40”s was done with 40”/42” looms operated with hanging slay and engaged in producing Kapta, Lungi and Napkins made of 12′s/16′s/20′s cotton yarn. The yarns were dyed with vegetable colours. The main colours were Yellow (from Turmeric), Maroon (From bark of Aal tree), Blue form Nile and Black (From Hirakasi and Chakda Seeds). Fabrics of vegetable colours were sometimes not fast and ranges of colours were also limited, forcing the Tie-Dye production in to limited colours and so also the design. Such practice was on vogue till the mid of 40s when vat colour was first substituted for in place   of some vegetable colours.

The next major changes in the cluster took place with the introduction of twisted cotton mercerized yarn and synthetic colours in the early 60′s. The looms started widening mainly to 52" width for normal sarees and other production and 90" for double bed sheet production. There were also few 60” / 72" looms to accommodate weaving of middle-sized bed sheets.

Activities in the cluster started taking momentum with the involvement of Late Padmashree Dr. Krutartha Acharya and his four associates in the cluster area during 1942 and started their business with production on limited numbers of looms. Later he converted his business in to a co operative society named Sambalpuri Bastralaya, registered during the year 1954 under "Bihar and Orissa Co operative Societies Act" and established in Bargarh town. This is the first firm in the cluster, which took the leadership in weaving activities of cluster and stood as a milestone in its history.

… Unlike the Tie-Dye work of other states of India, the motif and designs of the cluster are infinite in number and every motif or design is categorized under a special caption. No design is let out without giving it a name. It shows the creative mind of the weavers of the region.

The page for the Sonepur cluster is http://www.indianhandloomscluster-dchl.net/Sonepur/Index.asp. Following is some information from that page.

The writing in the stones of Kahandagiri cave Orissa suggests that the art of weaving was in Orissa before 600 B.C. Similarly some carving in the temples of Sonepur cluster (Baidyanath) indicates that weaving was in existence in the area during prior to 9th B.C. Besides weaving with cotton yarn, there was also weaving with wild silk (Tassar), wool and fibers from stem of lotus. The tie-dye weaving in western Orissa came in to existence during mid of 14th century when 100 weaver’s families were brought from Raipur area of Madhya Pradesh by the then ruler of Patnagarh Sri Ramai Dev. The weavers’ later on titled as Meher and their caste known as Bhulia. Such weavers were traditionally weaving the tie and dye fabrics. Orissa has also history of exporting handloom to south-east Asia countries like Thailand, Java, Borrneo and Sumatra (Last three are Island of Indonesia) during pre-independence period in sea route. It is therefore also the bank of river Mahanadi and some other big river of Orissa has developed weaving culture.

The Bomkai Designs are the traditional designs in production in the village named Bomkai in Ganjam District of Orissa. Latter on it is introduced in Sonepur. Before 1950′s the main product mix of this cluster was cotton sari and Dhotis. The main occupation of "Bhulia" community was weavings. Weavers had looms of short width and they used to weave cotton sari of length 12ft and its width was 36 inches. During that period, cotton yarn of (10 to 40) counts were available in the market.

Weavers by own used to sell woven sari at nearby locally market and whatever they got remuneration by selling the sari, they used to brought yarn for further weaving. During this period, due to absence of chemical dyes, mainly vegetable dye was used to dye the yarn. Vegetable dye had limited colours i,e yellow (From Turmeric), Maroon (From bark of Aal trees), Blue (Nile) and black (Hirakasi and Chakda seeds). The colour of vegetable dyes was not fast in the fabrics. The vegetable dye has limited ranges of colour that limit the design of tie & dye fabrics. During mid of 1950′s the late Padamshree Sri Kruthartha Acharya was the up-coming entrepreneur in handloom sector. He was belonging to Bargarh sub-division which was neighbouring district of Sonepur. He had installed 200 looms at Sonepur and established a unit for producing handloom sarees. During mid of 1960′s, lots of modifications were done to upgrade the handloom sector of Sonepur. The widths of looms were widening up to (48 to 50) inches; mercerized yarns of finer quality (60 counts) were introduced. Shri Kruthartha Acharya also introduced chemical dyes. Many weavers were trained to adopt the change. Due to introduction of chemical dye, the ranges of colour shed were increased which helps the weavers to produce variety of design in tie and dye fabrics. Slowly other weavers of the cluster adopted the new technology. Dr Acharya also searched other market by promoting the Sonepur product in other States by participating in exhibition and fair conducted by handloom department, Govt. of India. He also used to purchase the woven sari from weaver and used to supply raw materials and design to them. This helped the weavers to only concentrate on production work instead of marketing the products. Latter on during 1954, Dr. Achaya converted his firm into cooperative society named Sambalpuri Bastrayala Handloom Cooperative Society Ltd, Bargarh, which is at present stand as a leading PWCS of not only the State but also of the country. During mid Seventies G.O.O. initiated a corporation called Orissa Handloom Development Corporation which grew and decayed in two decades and has been liquidated recently. The other major changes taken place in the cluster was introduction of silk yarn in early 1980′s. The body part of silk fabric was woven with silk yarn and Anchal by cotton tie and dye. It took two – three years to develop Jala design which helped the weaver to design the fabric in simple way. This Bomkai design were developed in the late 80′s and introduced in early 1990′s in the cluster. Since then, the permutation and combination of designs involving in tie-dye, Bomkai, Jala etc are practicing in the cluster. Latter on Body design was also developed to make the fabric more attractive and Zari were used to add value to the fabric. Weaver co-operative societies were the major firms operating in the handloom sectors. These societies were large in number during mid of 90′s. The entry of private entrepreneurs and private traders started from 1980′s. Padamshri Chaturbhuj Meher had entered in this sector in early 1980′s and had great contribution in this sector. On the other hand gradual reduce in the Government subsidies, declining support from apex WCS, closure of Handloom Development corporation and mismanagement at the primary wcs level are the main reasons of reduction in the number of active co-operative societies. Unlike the Tie-Dye work in the other part of India, the motif and design of the cluster are infinite in number and every motif or design is characterized under a special caption. No design is let out without giving it a name. It shows the creative mind of the weavers of region. Orissa had 129236 (1951), 119005 (1987) and 92869 (1996) as per the handloom figure census, which shows the continuous decline in the loom position. The total looms in Sonepur district is 7243 (As per the survey conducted by ADT office Sonepur). The product mixes are cotton sari, silk sari and dress material. The total production of the cluster in the Co-Operative Sector is Rs 985.46 lacs.

HLCA approves 4-laning of Sambalpur-Rourkela via PPP: Dharitri

High Level Committee, Jharsugurha, PPP, Rourkela- Kansbahal, Sambalpur, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima, State highways, Sundergarh 3 Comments »

Tathya.in has some interesting tidbits on this. Following is an excerpt.

Minister was speaking in the High Level Clearance Authority (HLCA) on 17 November.

HLCA Chaired by Naveen Patnaik cleared the proposal of 4-laning of Sambalpur-Rourkela Highway on PPP Mode with an investment of Rs.1270 crore.

He said by slapping tool tax on the commuters and funding the project is passé.

Now while roads are coming up in a big way, lands are identified at some vantage points by the side of the roads.

These places can be handed over to the developers so that they can develop shopping malls, housing projects and this should be included in the package.

And this initiative will lessen the burden of tax payers, who are forced to pay huge toll tax for years to come.

Secondly Minister said that while we are going for expansion of the Highways, encroachment of land is posing a big problem.

… It would be a better proposition to acquire land and lay the road in such a way that more space is left inwards.

So that later that space can be used for expansion of roads and no body will be able to encroach upon and inside the highway, said the Minister.

Ikat Handloom Park to be established at Baragarh: Dharitri

Bargarh, Sambalpuri Sarees, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima No Comments »

Update: See also http://www.fibre2fashion.com/news/textile-news/newsdetails.aspx?news_id=99910.

The greater Sambalpur-Jharsuguda area

Bargarh, Jharsugurha, Jharsugurha- Brajarajnagar- Belpahar, Masterplans & CDPs, Sambalpur, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima, Sundergarh, URBAN DEV. & RENEWAL 2 Comments »

The greater Sambalpur-Jharsuguda area has the potential to become a major metropolitan area of Orissa. The following maps give some idea of this area.

The population numbers from 2001 obtained from this map are as follows:

More up-to-date numbers from the World Gazetteer is as follows:

Sambalpur District:

no. name census 1991 census 2001 calculation 2009
1 Sambalpur 131 138 153 643 170 259
2 Burla 34 640 39 204 42 338
3 Hīrākūd 23 833 26 394 28 037
4 Redhākhol   13 723 15 035
5 Kochinda 12 161 13 586 14 530
6 Kalamati   8 893 9 743
7 Rengali   8 682 9 512

Jharsuguda District:

no. name census 1991 census 2001 calculation 2009
1 Jhārsuguda 65 054 76 100 84 237
2 Brājrājnagar 69 667 76 959 81 522
3 Belpahar 24 607 32 826 40 150
4 Bandhbahal   7 609 8 336

Baragarh District:

no. name census 1991 census 2001 calculation 2009
1 Bargarh 51 205 63 678 73 884
2 Barpāli 16 371 19 157 21 226
3 Padampur 12 971 15 442 17 336
4 Tora   13 707 15 017
5 Attabira   9 999 10 955
6 Kumbhari   8 058 8 828
7 Janhapada   6 850 7 505

Sundergarh District:

no. name census 1991 census 2001 calculation 2009
1 Raurkela 215 509 224 987 228 130
2 Raurkela Industrial Township   206 693 226 454
3 Raj Gangpur 39 549 43 594 46 144
4 Sundargarh 30 352 38 421 45 195
5 Birmitrapur 33 556 29 447 26 174
6 Jalda 13 116 11 961 10 955
7 Bānposh 9 564 10 233 10 589
8 Hatibandha 8 521 9 297 9 766
9 Lathikata   6 896

7 555

Some of the recent notable developments of this area are:

  • An airport is being developed in Jharsuguda (This needs to be speeded up.)
  • UCE Burla has now become Vir Surendra Sai University of Technology
  • Several major industries are coming up (for example; Vedanta Aluminum in Jharsuguda)
  • There are 6 engineering colleges in the area: 2 in Bargarh, 1 in Jharsuguda, 1 in Sundergarh, VSSUT in Burla and Silicon in Sassan.
  • Sambalpur-Jharsuguda as a whole has excellent Railway connectivity.

However, a more planned approach is needed. In particular, a core metro area consisting of Burla-Sambalpur-Jharsuguda-Belpahar-Brajarajnagar needs to be formally formed and a CDP (Comprehensive Development Plan) must be developed at the earliest. In addition if local participation in developing more private HRD institutions is enhanced and local  handing of industrialization is done in a smarter way (not just blind knee-jerk opposition) then that will propel this area to a Tier II metro area of India.

Top six metro areas of various states in India

Balasore- Chandipur, Baripada- Bangiriposi- Similipal foothills, Berhampur- Gopalpur- Chhatrapur, Bhubaneswar- Cuttack- Puri, Jharsugurha- Brajarajnagar- Belpahar, Odisha govt. action, Rourkela- Kansbahal, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima No Comments »

The following is constructed using today’s data in the world gazetteer.

 

Notes:

  1. Delhi metropolitan area (not listed above)  has a population of 18,639,762 encompasses the state of Delhi and parts of UP and Haryana.
  2. In the above Chandigarh is listed under Punjab mainly because there is more growth in the Punjab suburbs of Chandigarh. It is actually a centrally administered unit and capital of both Punjab and Haryana.

Considering the close relation between urbanization and other developmental indicators, Orissa must aim to have at least 5 metropolitan areas other than Bhubaneswar with population of 10 lakhs within the next 25 years.  Those are:

  • Rourkela-Kansbahal-Rajgangpur (within 5 years)
  • Berhampur-Chhatrapur-Hinjilicut (within 10 years)
  • Sambalpur-Jharsuguda-Belpahar-Brajarajnagar (within 10 years)
  • Baripada-Balasore (within 20 years)
  • Koraput-Jeypore-Sunabeda (within 25 years)

Investment proposals in Orissa that are waiting for final approval

Aluminium, Angul, Anil Agarwal, Anugul- Talcher - Saranga- Nalconagar, Bauxite, Birlas, Business Standard, Coal, Dhenkanal, Iron Ore, Kalahandi, Keonjhar, Koraput, Nayagarha, Rayagada, Sambalpur, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima, Sponge Iron, Sundergarh, Tatas, Thermal, Vedanta No Comments »

Following is an excerpt from a report in Business Standard.

… Projects awaiting the chief minister’s nod include those proposed by National Thermal Power Corporation (Rs18,000 crore), L&T-Dubal (Rs 19,668 crore) and Lanco Babanh Power (Rs 11,402 crore) among others.

… The SLSWCA in its meeting held in March 2007 cleared the Rs 4232.54 crore investment proposal of Ashapura Minechem Ltd for setting up of a 0.5 million tonne per annum (mtpa) alumina refinery and 0.15 mtpa smelter with 300 Mw captive power plant (CPP) in Koraput district.

Similarly, NTPC proposal to set up a 3200 Mw thermal power project at Darlipali in Sundergarh district was approved by the SLSWCA in February 2008.

The fate of L&T’s proposal to set up an alumina-aluminium complex at Kusumsila near Rayagada and Vadrapali near Sambalpur in joint venture with Dubal is still uncertain.

Sources said, the HLCA is yet to consider the Rs 8,250 crore investment proposal of Orissa Thermal Power Corporation Ltd (OTPCL) to set up a 2000 Mw coal based power plant at Rengali. It is also yet to take up the Lanco Babandh Power’s application to enhance the MoU capacity from 1320Mw to 2640 Mw at Kurunti and Kharagprasad in Dhenkanal district.

The Rs 3101.86 crore proposal of Tata Sponge Iron to set up a 1.5 mtpa steel making capacity at Beliapada near Joda, recommended by the SLSWCA in May this year, is also pending for approval by the chief ministers.

… Though VAL had proposed to expand the capacity of its existing refinery at Lanjigarh from 1 mtpa to 6 mtpa, smelter plant capacity from 0.25 mtpa to 1.6 mtpa and the captive power plant (CPP) capacity from 674 Mw to 1350 Mw with a combined investment of Rs 37,440 crore, it was cleared in part by the SLSWCA.

The SLSWCA meeting held in May this year had recommended for a smelter capacity of 0.5 mtpa as the company had already achieved this level while approving the capacity expansion of the CPP to 1350 Mw without any increase in the refinery capacity.

Similarly, Hindalco Industries Ltd (Aditya Aluminium) had proposed to expand its alumina refinery capacity to 1.5 mtpa from 1 mtpa and expansion of its smelting capacity to 0.72 mtpa from 0.26 mtpa along with an increase in the CPP capacity to 1650 Mw from 650 Mw.

SLSWCA has only recommended a marginal increase in the smelting capacity from 0.26 mtpa to 0.36 mtpa and CPP capacity from 650 Mw to 950 Mw to the HLCA. Partial approval of these proposals was officially attributed to the non-availability of bauxite linkage and pending the final report of the environmental carrying capacity study taken up by the Orissa State Pollution Control Board.

That apart, the SLSWCA in its meeting on 26 August 2009 also recommended two projects of Rs 14,275 crore to HLCA. The Rs 7988 crore proposal of JR Powergen Private Ltd to set up a 1980 Mw power plant at Kishorenagar near Angul and BRG Energy Systems’s proposal to set up a 1320 Mw power plant at an investment of Rs 6287 crore at Bhapur in Nayagarh district are yet to be approved by HLCA.

Sampalpur-Angul-Howrah Special: Should it be made a regular train?

Angul, Anugul- Talcher - Saranga- Nalconagar, Balasore- Chandipur, Bhadrakh-Sarla Rd...Vizag, Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Jajpur Rd- Vyasanagar- Duburi- Kalinganagar, KGP...Lakshannath Rd - Bhadrakh, Rajathagara - Nergundi, Sambalpur, Sambalpur - Talcher, Sambaplur- Burla- Bargarh- Chipilima 18 Comments »

Update: Biswarup Basu in an IRFCA posting pointed out that based on the current schedule this train is  competitive with the 8005/06 Koraput-Howrah Express; 1 hr 5 minutes faster towards Howrah and 15 minutes slower in the other direction.  So many may not mind traveling end-to-end on this train. He thinks there is enough traffic to introduce a daily train in this route.


East Coast Railway is running eight pairs of a special train between Sambalpur and Howrah via Angul. Following is its schedule.

From end-to-end connectivity point of view the path taken by this train is longer than the regular Sambalpur-Rourkela-HWH path.

  • SBP – Howrah : 563 kms
  • SBP – Kapilas Rd (273-15 = 258) + Kapilas Rd – HWH 396  = 654 kms

However, this train would give a direct connection between Howrah and places like Angul, Talcher and Dhenkanal. A train in this route with different times and more stops could also provide direct and useful connection between Sambalpur/Redhakhol/Angul/Talcher/Dhenkanal and Jajpur Rd/Bhadrakh/Balasore.  Perhaps ECOR is exploring a regular train in this route.